Richard N. Pau

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Molybdenum-dependent repression of transcription of the Escherichia coli modABCD operon, which encodes the high-affinity molybdate transporter, is mediated by the ModE protein. This regulatory protein was purified as an N-terminal His6-tagged derivative and characterised both with and without the N-terminal oligohistidine extension. Equilibrium(More)
The transition metal molybdenum is essential for life. Escherichia coli imports this metal into the cell in the form of molybdate ions, which are taken up via an ABC transport system. In E. coli and other Proteobacteria molybdenum metabolism and homeostasis are regulated by the molybdate-responsive transcription factor ModE. Orthologues of ModE are(More)
 Azotobacter vinelandii produces five siderophores with different metal binding properties, depending on the concentrations of Fe(III) and molybdate in the growth medium. The three lower protonation constants of the unusual bis(catecholamide) siderophore azotochelin (L) were determined by a simultaneous spectrophotometric and potentiometric titration as log(More)
For 50 years molybdenum had been considered to have an indispensable catalytic function for nitrogen fixation. Two nitrogenases recently isolated from the bacterium Azotobacter have changed this view. One is a vanadium-containing enzyme and the other lacks both molybdenum and vanadium. Similar nitrogenases may occur in other nitrogen-fixing organisms.
We have constructed a strain of Azotobacter vinelandii which has deletions in the genes for both the molybdenum (Mo) and vanadium (V) nitrogenases. This strain fixed nitrogen in medium that did not contain Mo or V. Growth and nitrogenase activity were inhibited by Mo and V. In highly purified medium, growth was limited by iron. Addition of other metals (Co,(More)
Nitrogenase-3 of Azotobacter vinelandii is synthesized under conditions of molybdenum and vanadium deficiency. The minimal metal requirement for its synthesis, and its metal content, indicated that the only transition metal in nitrogenase-3 was iron [Chisnell, Premakumar and Bishop (1988) J. Bacteriol. 170, 27-33; Pau, Mitchenall and Robson (1989) J.(More)
BACKGROUND . Periplasmic receptors constitute a diverse class of binding proteins that differ widely in size, sequence and ligand specificity. Nevertheless, almost all of them display a common beta/alpha folding motif and have similar tertiary structures consisting of two globular domains. The ligand is bound at the bottom of a deep cleft, which lies at the(More)
The X-ray structures of the cytoplasmic molybdate-binding protein ModG from Azotobacter vinelandii in two different crystal forms have been determined. For such a small protein it is remarkably complex. Each 14.3 kDa subunit contains two small beta-barrel domains, which display an OB-fold motif, also seen in the related structure of ModE, a(More)
The expression of the moa locus, which encodes enzymes required for molybdopterin biosynthesis, is enhanced under anaerobiosis but repressed when the bacterium is able to synthesize active molybdenum cofactor. In addition, moa expression exhibits a strong requirement for molybdate. The molybdate enhancement of moa transcription is fully dependent upon the(More)
The Azotobacter vinelandii mod locus, which is involved in high-affinity molybdate transport and the early event in Mo metabolism, consists of two divergently transcribed operons, modG and modEABC. modA, modB and modC encode the components of the high-affinity molybdate transporter, and modG encodes a Mo-binding protein. High concentrations of Mo repressed(More)