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The B cell antigen receptor (BCR) serves both to initiate signal transduction cascades and to target antigen for processing and presentation by MHC class II molecules. How these two BCR functions are coordinated is not known. Recently, sphingolipid- and cholesterol-rich plasma membrane lipid microdomains, termed lipid rafts, have been identified and(More)
Despite the development of effective immunosuppressive therapy, transplant graft arterial disease (GAD) remains the major limitation to long-term graft survival. Multiple immune and nonimmune risk factors contribute to this vasculopathic intimal hyperplastic process. Thus, initial interplay between host inflammatory cells and donor endothelial cells(More)
An important function of membrane immunoglobulin (mIg), the B cell antigen receptor, is to endocytose limiting quantities of antigen for efficient presentation to class II-restricted T cells. We have used a panel of mIg mutants to analyze the mechanism of mIg-mediated antigen presentation, and specifically to explore the ability of mIg to target(More)
Although interruption of CD40-CD40L interactions via their respective mAbs yields prolonged allograft survival, the relative importance of CD40 or CD40L on donor or host cells remains unknown. Moreover, it is uncertain whether any allospecific tolerance occurring with CD40-CD40L blockade will also prevent allograft arteriopathy, the major long-term(More)
RATIONALE Two categories of cardiac stem cells (CSCs) with predominantly myogenic (mCSC) and vasculogenic (vCSC) properties have been characterized in the human heart. However, it is unknown whether functionally competent CSCs of both classes are present in the myocardium of patients affected by end-stage cardiac failure, and whether these cells can be(More)
The membrane-bound form of immunoglobulin serves as an antigen-specific receptor for B cells mediating signal transduction and antigen presentation. We have developed an assay that reconstitutes both these physiologic responses with respect to the antigen phosphorylcholine. By introducing specific mutations in the human Ig mu chain gene, we have shown that(More)
We have hypothesized that T cell cytokines participate in the pathogenesis of graft arterial disease (GAD). This study tested the consequences of IFN-gamma deficiency on arterial and parenchymal pathology in murine cardiac allografts. Hearts from C-H-2(bm12)KhEg (bm12, H-2(bm12)) were transplanted into C57/B6 (B6, H-2(b)), wild-type, or B6(More)
BACKGROUND Despite the development of effective immunosuppressive therapy, transplant graft arterial disease (GAD) remains the major limitation to long-term graft survival. The interplay between host inflammatory cells and donor vascular wall cells results in an intimal hyperplastic lesion, which leads to ischemia and graft failure. HMG-CoA reductase(More)
BACKGROUND Despite the expression of angiogenic growth factors in transplanted hearts, neovessel formation appears scant. We therefore hypothesized that cardiac allografts contain endogenous inhibitors of angiogenesis. In particular, we tested the involvement in cardiac allografts of thrombospondin-1 (TSP-1), a matrix glycoprotein that inhibits angiogenesis(More)
Successful antigen presentation by antigen-presenting cells is governed by a number of factors including the efficiency of antigen capture by cell-surface receptors, targeting to compartments of antigen processing, surface expression of MHC II-peptide complexes and presence of co-stimulatory signals. Ganglioside GM1 is an important component of membrane(More)