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BACKGROUND Oral cancer is common in men from developing countries, and is increased by tobacco and alcohol use. We aimed to assess the effect of visual screening on oral cancer mortality in a cluster-randomised controlled trial in India. METHODS Of the 13 clusters chosen for the study, seven were randomised to three rounds of oral visual inspection by(More)
BACKGROUND Cervical cancer is the most common cancer among women in developing countries. We assessed the effect of screening using visual inspection with 4% acetic acid (VIA) on cervical cancer incidence and mortality in a cluster randomised controlled trial in India. METHODS Of the 114 study clusters in Dindigul district, India, 57 were randomised to(More)
OBJECTIVE Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third-most and fifth-most common cancer in men and women, in Thailand. The increasing CRC incidence and mortality can be reduced by screening and treating adenomas and early cancers. A pilot CRC screening programme using immunochemical faecal occult blood testing (iFOBT) and colonoscopy for test-positives were(More)
BACKGROUND Very few efforts have been undertaken to scale-up low-cost approaches to cervical cancer prevention in low-resource countries. METHODS In a public sector cervical cancer prevention program in Zambia, nurses provided visual-inspection with acetic acid (VIA) and cryotherapy in clinics co-housed with HIV/AIDS programs, and referred women with(More)
This study aimed to correct and describe cervical cancer mortality rates and trends by regions and age-groups in Brazil. It may help planning and implementing policies for cervical cancer control. Data from 2003 to 2012 were accessed through the centralized national mortality database. Correction of the age-specific mortality rates was done by proportional(More)
Since most human papilloma virus (HPV) infections regress without any intervention, HPV is a necessary but may not be a solely sufficient cause of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) and cervical cancer. Hence, the influence of cofactors on progression from cervical HPV infection to high-grade CIN and invasive cervical cancer has been a subject of(More)
Many limited-resourced countries have either introduced cervical cancer screening programs or are contemplating to do so using visual inspection after acetic acid application (VIA) or human papillomavirus (HPV) detection tests. Both tests have high false-positivity and a suitable triaging strategy is required. Colposcopy triaging is not practicable in most(More)
BACKGROUND Persistent immune suppression is reported in Head and Neck Cancers (HNC) even after treatment and a higher recurrence rate was observed in patients with poor CD3 count. Loco regional recurrences and second primary tumours are the common forms of failure in head and neck cancers. Several agents have been tried to overcome this problem without much(More)
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