Richard Mraz

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Compared to motor studies of the upper limb, few experiments have sought a relationship between blood oxygen level-dependent (BOLD) functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) sensorimotor signals and the resulting lower limb output. In Experiment 1, using an fMRI simulator system, we determined the optimized experimental protocol based on two design types(More)
Copying and drawing-from-memory tasks are popular clinical tests to assess visuo-motor skills in neurological patients. The tasks share some motor and visual processes; however, they differ substantially in their cognitive demands. We used functional magnetic resonance imaging to identify brain regions underlying processes involved in these tasks while(More)
Virtual reality (VR) was used to create an ecologically valid spatial-navigation task in hand with functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to articulate the neural basis of planning behavior. A virtual version of a traditional planning measure, the Tower of London, was also developed to ascertain convergent and divergent validity in terms of planning(More)
This study assessed the convergent validity of a virtual environment (VE) navigation learning task, the Groton Maze Learning Test (GMLT), and selected traditional neuropsychological tests performed in a group of healthy elderly adults (n = 24). The cohort was divided equally between males and females to explore performance variability due to sex(More)
How the brain functions during behavioural tasks conducted in virtual reality (VR) remains largely unresolved. This issue is extremely important both in terms of establishing the benefits of VR through basic science, as well as for future optimization of tasks conducted in VR environments. Here, the authors describe their current work to develop a testing(More)
Measuring electrodermal activity (EDA) during fMRI is an effective means of studying the influence of task-related arousal, inferred from autonomic nervous system activity, on brain activation patterns. The goals of this study were: (1) to measure reliable EDA from healthy individuals during fMRI involving an effortful unilateral motor task, (2) to explore(More)
Virtual reality (VR) technology is increasingly recognized as a useful tool for the assessment and rehabilitation of neurologic and psychiatric disorders. The hope that VR can accurately mimic real-life events is also of great interest in basic neuroscience, to identify the brain activity that underlies complex behavior by combining VR with techniques such(More)
BACKGROUND Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) appears to be useful for investigating motor recovery after stroke. Some of the potential confounders of brain activation studies, however, could be mitigated through complementary physiological monitoring. OBJECTIVE To investigate a sensorimotor fMRI battery that included simultaneous measurement of(More)
Specially designed optoelectronic and data postprocessing methods are described that permit electromyography (EMG) of muscle activity simultaneous with functional MRI (fMRI). Hardware characterization and validation included simultaneous EMG and event-related fMRI in 17 healthy participants during either ankle (n = 12), index finger (n = 3), or wrist (n =(More)
Canadians are living longer with chronic medical conditions, which have led to an increasing complexity and volume of care for hospitalized patients. Effective in-patient care depends on the effective coordination of care through rapid and efficient communication between various care providers. A delay in coordinating this care has downstream effects on(More)