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Myelination of the CNS requires the migration of oligodendrocyte precursors throughout the CNS from restricted regions within the ventricular and subventricular zones. In light of the significant effects of cell-extracellular matrix (ECM) interactions on cell migration in other developing systems, we have analyzed the role of integrins in oligodendrocyte(More)
Increased matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) proteolytic activity contributes to the pathogenesis of many neuroinflammatory and neurodegenerative conditions in the CNS. To fully understand this process, it is important to define the MMP expression profile of specific cell types, including the CNS-resident cells astrocytes and microglia. While previous studies(More)
Integrins comprise a large family of cell adhesion molecules that mediate interactions between the extracellular environment and the cytoplasm. During the last decade, analysis of the expression and function of these molecules has revealed that integrins regulate many aspects of cell behavior including cell death, proliferation, migration, and(More)
Target-dependent survival of newly differentiated cells is an important part of neural development. In the case of myelin-forming oligodendrocytes, it matches the number of oligodendrocytes to the available axons [1]. In addition to growth factors, an axonal signal regulates this survival: when axons are transected, oligodendrocytes die and, conversely,(More)
We examined beta1 integrin expression during angiogenesis in the developing mouse CNS. Maturation of blood vessels was accompanied by three main events: (1) marked upregulation of beta1 integrin expression; (2) a switch in beta1 integrin expression, from alpha4 and alpha5 at postnatal day 1 to alpha1 and alpha6 in the adult; and (3) downregulation of(More)
Local environmental conditions contribute to the activation state of cells. Extracellular matrix glycoproteins participate in cell-cell boundaries within the microvascular and extravascular tissues of the central nervous system and provide a scaffold for the local environment. These conditions are altered during focal cerebral ischemia (and other central(More)
Early in the pathogenesis of multiple sclerosis, the blood-brain barrier is compromised, which leads to deposition of the plasma proteins fibronectin and vitronectin in cerebral parenchyma. In light of our previous finding that microglial activation in vitro is strongly promoted by fibronectin and vitronectin, we set out to examine the possibility that(More)
An imbalance in the matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) : tissue inhibitor of MMP (TIMP) ratio may be associated with tissue injury. Here, we studied the regulation of TIMP and MMP gene expression in primary glial cultures to ascertain the factors involved in the regulation of these genes in conditions of inflammatory neuropathology. Astrocytes were found to(More)
During focal cerebral ischemia, the detachment of astrocytes from the microvascular basal lamina is not completely explained by known integrin receptor expression changes. Here, the impact of experimental ischemia (oxygen-glucose deprivation (OGD)) on dystroglycan expression by murine endothelial cells and astrocytes grown on vascular matrix laminin,(More)
Transplantation of oligodendrocyte precursor cells represents a promising approach to the treatment of the chronic demyelinated lesions of multiple sclerosis. In view of the multi-focal nature of the disease it will be necessary for the transplanted oligodendrocyte precursor cells to migrate through normal white matter between lesions. Work in other systems(More)