Richard Michael Cooper

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BACKGROUND Previously active in the mid-1990s, the Canadian Airway Focus Group (CAFG) studied the unanticipated difficult airway and made recommendations on management in a 1998 publication. The CAFG has since reconvened to examine more recent scientific literature on airway management. The Focus Group's mandate for this article was to arrive at updated(More)
Bacterial pathogens and symbionts must suppress or negate host innate immunity. However, pathogens release conserved oligomeric and polymeric molecules or MAMPs (Microbial Associated Molecular Patterns), which elicit host defenses [1], [2] and [3]. Extracellular polysaccharides (EPSs) are key virulence factors in plant and animal pathogenesis, but their(More)
The insect pathogenic fungus Metarhizium anisopliae produces several extracellular cuticle-degrading proteases and evidence is consistent with one of these, PR1, which is a chymoelastase, being a determinant of pathogenicity. We have shown previously that PR1 production is regulated by both carbon catabolite and nitrogen metabolite repression and also by(More)
BACKGROUND Appropriate planning is crucial to avoid morbidity and mortality when difficulty is anticipated with airway management. Many guidelines developed by national societies have focused on management of difficulty encountered in the unconscious patient; however, little guidance appears in the literature on how best to approach the patient with an(More)
The effect of acute and chronic cold exposure on heart rate (HR) and neuronal function in crayfish Procam-barus clarkii and prawns Macrobrachium rosenber-gii was addressed. This is particularly important since prawn farms of this species are used for aquaculture in varied climates world wide. The success of P. clarkii as an invasive species throughout the(More)
The nexus of real exchange rate (RER) and capital inflows is examined through a comparative analysis of the experiences of emerging market economies in Asian and Latin America during the period 1985-2000. It is found that the degree of appreciation in RER associated with capital inflow is uniformly much higher in Latin American countries compared to their(More)
OJMIP). ABSTRACT Monitoring heart rate (HR) and ventilatory rate (VR) during defined sensory stimuli and during aggressive and submissive social interactions has provided additional information of a crayfish's physiological state which is not achieved by behavioral observations. In this study, the HR and VR of crayfish were monitored before, during and(More)
of the New York State IPM Program, which develops sustainable ways to manage pests and helps people to use methods that minimize environmental, health, and economic risks. For more information or web-based copies of this guide (IPM No. 618) see the New York State IPM Program website at Cornell Cooperative Extension provides equal program and employment(More)