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From October 4 to November 2, 2001, the first 10 confirmed cases of inhalational anthrax caused by intentional release of Bacillus anthracis were identified in the United States. Epidemiologic investigation indicated that the outbreak, in the District of Columbia, Florida, New Jersey, and New York, resulted from intentional delivery of B. anthracis spores(More)
In October 2001, the first inhalational anthrax case in the United States since 1976 was identified in a media company worker in Florida. A national investigation was initiated to identify additional cases and determine possible exposures to Bacillus anthracis. Surveillance was enhanced through health-care facilities, laboratories, and other means to(More)
Glutathione was measured in the aqueous humon of rabbit, dog, monkey, baboon, and man. The average concentrations were 17, 6, 6, 2, and 2 mumol/L of fluid, respectively. Except in the case of the monkey, where delay in aspiration of the aqueous apparently led to anomalous values, nearly all the glutathione was in the reduced state, the range being from 85%(More)
An outbreak of 25 cases of Andes virus-associated hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS) was recognized in southern Chile from July 1997 through January 1998. In addition to the HPS patients, three persons with mild hantaviral disease and one person with asymptomatic acute infection were identified. Epidemiologic studies suggested person-to-person transmission(More)
To the Editor: During the 2001 anthrax outbreak, we evaluated and validated a highly sensitive and specific three-target (two plasmid and one chromosomally located target) 5´nuclease assay (real-time polymerase chain reaction [PCR]) for detection and identification of Bacillus anthra-cis. This PCR assay was successfully used to rapidly test hundreds of(More)
PURPOSE The driving force for ion and water flow necessary for efficient deturgesence of the corneal stroma resides in the ouabain-sensitive sodium (Na) pump of corneal endothelial cells. Using a cell culture model of corneal endothelial cell hypertrophy, the authors examined the expression of Na pumps at the cell surface to see how this central element of(More)
On October 4, 2001, we confirmed the first bioterrorism-related anthrax case identified in the United States in a resident of Palm Beach County, Florida. Epidemiologic investigation indicated that exposure occurred at the workplace through intentionally contaminated mail. One additional case of inhalational anthrax was identified from the index patient's(More)
Endothelial cell counts made from specular micrographs of 1-month-old kitten and adult cat corneas demonstrate that a progressive increase in endothelial cell size and a reduced endothelial cell density occurs during the postnatal development of the cat cornea. In addition to confirming the difference in cell size, scanning electron micrographs show that(More)
One of the world's largest scientific data systems, NASA's Earth Observing System Data and Information System (EOSDIS) has stored over three petabytes of earth science data in a geographically distributed mass storage system. Design for this system began in the early 1990s and included a presentation of the design of the mass storage system at this(More)
The San Miguel sea lion viruses (SMSV) and vesicular exanthema of swine viruses (VESV) are related morphologically and antigenically, but little has been done to determine their genotypic relationship to each other and to other caliciviruses. To examine this relationship, reverse transcriptase PCRs were performed by using oligonucleotide primer sets(More)