Richard McNeer

Learn More
BACKGROUND The auditory middle-latency response (transient) and the 40-Hz auditory steady state response (ASSR) are modulated by anesthetics. However, the quantitative relation between these evoked responses is difficult to obtain because of technical limitations of the recording methods used to obtain transients at high stimulation rates. This study uses(More)
OBJECTIVE The current international standard (IEC 60601-1-8) stipulates that medical device audible alarms should be priority-encoded and validated for efficacy. Evidence suggests that the melodic alarms described in the standard are not functioning as originally intended. We present a multi-disciplinary, human factors paradigm for audible alarm development(More)
In this study, an operating room simulation environment was adapted to include quadraphonic speakers, which were used to recreate a composed clinical soundscape. To assess validity of the composed soundscape, several acoustic parameters of this simulated environment were acquired in the presence of alarms only, background noise only, or both. These(More)
Unintended intraoperative awareness occurs in one to two individuals out of every one thousand treated with general anesthesia. Patients that experience intraoperative awareness have significant post-operative psychological sequelae. The ability to detect intraoperative awareness is currently suboptimal because the mechanism employed by anesthetic drugs to(More)
Introduction. Medical simulators are used for assessing clinical skills and increasingly for testing hypotheses. We developed and tested an approach for assessing performance in anesthesia residents using screen-based simulation that ensures expert raters remain blinded to subject identity and experimental condition. Methods. Twenty anesthesia residents(More)
Recent studies by researchers, governmental agencies, and safety organizations have recognized a deficiency in the performance of medically related audible alarms [1–4]. In the clinical setting, care providers can suffer from alarm fatigue, a condition in which audible alarms in an operating room are perceived as a nuisance. In this study, we explore the(More)
  • 1