Richard McKee

Learn More
Widely varied chemicals--including certain herbicides, plasticizers, drugs, and natural products--induce peroxisome proliferation in rodent liver and other tissues. This phenomenon is characterized by increases in the volume density and fatty acid oxidation of these organelles, which contain hydrogen peroxide and fatty acid oxidation systems important in(More)
Administration of phthalates is known to cause toxicity and liver cancer in rodents through the activation of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs), and the monoesters appear to be the active metabolites that function as ligands of PPARs. There is evidence that PPARs exhibit significant species differences in response to ligand activation. In(More)
The probability of nonoccupational exposure to phthalates is high given their use in a vast range of consumables, including personal care products (e.g., perfumes, lotions, cosmetics), paints, industrial plastics, and certain medical devices and pharmaceuticals. Phthalates are of high interest because of their potential for human exposure and because animal(More)
Between 1998 and 2000 an Expert Panel convened by the National Toxicology Program's Center for the Evaluation of Risks to Human Reproduction (NTP-CERHR) reviewed information related to the developmental and reproductive toxicity of seven phthalate esters; DBP, BBP, DnHP, DEHP, DnOP, DINP, and DIDP. Information on exposures was also considered. The(More)
The potential reproductive toxicity of di-isononyl phthalate (DINP: CAS RN 68515-48-0) was assessed in one- and two-generation reproductive toxicity studies. Groups of 30 male and female CRL : CD(SD)BR rats were given DINP via dietary administration at levels of either 0.0, 0.5, 1, or 1.5% (one-generation study) or 0.0, 0.2, 0. 4, or 0.8% (two-generation(More)
Recently there have been reports of liver and kidney tumors in rodents following long-term exposure to di(isononyl) phthalate (DINP). Mechanistic studies suggested that the liver tumors were a consequence of peroxisomal proliferation, whereas the kidney tumors (found only in male rats) were associated with induction of alpha(2u)-globulin. Because both(More)
Di-isoheptyl phthalate (DIHP) is a branched, phthalate ester with seven carbon alkyl side chains. Since structurally similar phthalates have been shown to produce developmental and/or reproductive effects in rodents, the potential for DIHP to produce developmental and reproductive toxicity was assessed. In a developmental toxicity study, female rats were(More)
Di-isodecyl phthalate (DIDP) is a commercial plasticizer with low toxicity in many animal studies. The effects of dietary DIDP administration on fertility and developmental parameters were assessed in Sprague-Dawley rats utilizing two generation reproductive toxicity studies generally consistent with current regulatory guidelines. Dietary levels ranged from(More)
As part of a project designed to develop a framework for extrapolating acute central nervous system (CNS) effects of hydrocarbon solvents in animals to humans, experimental studies were conducted in rats and human volunteers in which acute CNS effects were measured and toxicokinetic data were collected. A complex hydrocarbon solvent, white spirit (WS) was(More)