Richard McCarty

Learn More
Traditional beliefs about two aspects of glucose regulation in the brain have been challenged by recent findings. First, the absolute level of glucose in the brain's extracellular fluid appears to be lower than previously thought. Second, the level of glucose in brain extracellular fluid is less stable than previously believed. In vivo brain microdialysis(More)
Previous studies in conscious rats have examined the relationship between mean arterial pressure (MAP) and heart rate (HR) only during relatively small or unidirectional changes in blood pressure. We have now examined this relationship more fully in conscious Sprague-Dawley rats using graded bolus i.v. doses of phenylephrine and nitroprusside to alter MAP(More)
Release of norepinepriine (NE) and its metabolites in the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis (BNST) was examined using in vivo microdialysis in conscious rats before, during and after 2 h of immobilization. Microdialysate levels of NE and of dihydroxyphenylglycol (DHPG) increased by 170-290% above basal levels during the 1st h of immobilization and(More)
Neuropeptide Y (NPY) is a vasoconstrictor present in the sympatho-adrenomedullary system and may be co-released with norepinephrine (NE) and epinephrine (EPI) during sympathetic activation. We studied plasma NPY-immunoreactivity (-ir, radioimmunoassay) and catecholamine (radioenzymatic) responses during two acute stress paradigms that differ in character,(More)
The present studies began an examination of the process by which unilateral odor deprivation results in a 25% reduction in the size of the olfactory bulb. Rat pups had a single naris occluded on the day after the day of birth (Day 1) and were tested at several early postnatal ages. Dopamine (DA) levels were measured to gauge the effects of deprivation on a(More)
Young adult (3 months) and aged (22 months) Fischer 344 male rats were prepared with chronic tail artery catheters. Three days after surgery, rats were exposed acutely to swim stress at 20, 25, 30, or 35 degrees C for 15 min. Blood samples were obtained from each rat under basal conditions, at the end of the swim stress episode, and 15, 30, and 45 min after(More)
The effect of prenatal stress was investigated on the sympathoadrenal response to novelty and footshock by measuring the time course of the changes in circulating corticosterone (COR) catecholamines and their metabolites. Pregnant rats were subjected to noise and light stress, three times weekly on an unpredictable basis throughout gestation. When the male(More)
A comparison was made of the dynamics of sympathoadrenal activity in 11 age-matched male and female rats, under basal conditions and after exposure to footshock. Rats were prepared with indwelling catheters in the tail artery 24 h before the experiment. Measurements were made of plasma corticosterone (COR), norepinephrine (NE), epinephrine (EPI),(More)
Although it is known that the number of presentations of a stressor can influence the adrenocortical stress response, relatively little information exists on how stressor intensity affects this process. To evaluate this, we repeatedly presented rats with stressors of 3 different intensities and sampled blood for corticosterone. The first major finding was(More)
Saline solutions (NaCl, 2 ml, pH 7.4, 10-598 mosmol/kgH2O) were infused over 4 min in conscious rats, via tail artery catheter or intragastric tube. Intragastric infusions of hyper- and hypotonic solutions caused, within 14.4 +/- 2.2 min, a maximal increase and decrease, respectively, of plasma vasopressin (AVP) relative to time controls (r = 0.97; P less(More)