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Magnetic resonance arthrography. a procedure where contrast agents containing gadolinium are administered intra-articularly, has become a useful tool in musculoskeletal diagnosis. Although considered safe for systemic use, toxicities in some tissues have been identified for both free gadolinium ion and the gadolinium chelates used as contrast. In this(More)
UNLABELLED Chondrosarcoma is the most common primary malignant bone tumor in adults, has no effective systemic treatment, and patients with this disease have poor survival. Altered expression of microRNA (miR) is involved in tumorigenesis; however, its role in chondrosarcoma is undetermined. miR-181a is overexpressed in high-grade chondrosarcoma, is(More)
Like other tumors, chondrosarcoma must induce neovascularity as they grow. Recent studies have demonstrated that chondrosarcoma are vascular. Since normal cartilage is a hypoxic, yet avascular tissue and since chondrosarcoma bears some phenotypic relation to cartilage, it is not clear if hypoxic pathways remain intact in these tissues. Hypoxia-inducible(More)
Diabetes has been implicated as a cause of impaired fracture-healing. To test this hypothesis, we tested the tensile strength of femora from normal rats and from untreated and insulin-treated diabetic rats two weeks after the production of a closed fracture. One week before the fracture, diabetes was induced by administration of streptozotocin (sixty-five(More)
Seventeen patients (age, 12-63 years; median, 22 years) treated with proximal tibial allografts were identified. Nine cases were intercalary and eight were osteoarticular allografts. Complications, number of operations, and oncologic and functional results were reviewed. The functional results of the allografts were compared with a prior cohort of patients(More)
The tyrosine phosphatase SHP2, encoded by PTPN11, is required for the survival, proliferation and differentiation of various cell types. Germline activating mutations in PTPN11 cause Noonan syndrome, whereas somatic PTPN11 mutations cause childhood myeloproliferative disease and contribute to some solid tumours. Recently, heterozygous inactivating mutations(More)
OBJECTIVE It had been found that the concentration of chemokine stromal cell-derived factor-1 (SDF-1) was significantly higher in synovial fluid (SF) of patients with osteoarthritis (OA; > or = 200 ng/ml) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA; > or = 700 ng/ml) compared to controls (< or = 100 ng/ml). Our aim was to determine whether the pathological concentration(More)
During endochondral bone formation, chondrocytes undergo differentiation toward hypertrophy before they are replaced by bone and bone marrow. In this study, we found that a G-protein coupled receptor CXCR4 is predominantly expressed in hypertrophic chondrocytes, while its ligand, chemokine stromal cell-derived factor 1 (SDF-1) is expressed in the bone(More)
To determine whether or not the crankshaft phenomenon occurs after spinal fusion in patients with congenital scoliosis, we reviewed 23 curves in 21 patients who were operated on before age 10 years. Operative procedures consisted of various kinds of posterior fusions as well as anterior and posterior hemiepiphyseodeses. Seven of the 23 curves progressed(More)