Richard M. Sykes

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gamma-Aminobutyric acid immunoreactive perikarya and boutons in the nucleus tractus solitarius of the cat were examined at both the light and electron microscopic level. Immunoreactive neurones were found predominantly in the parvocellular subdivision of the nucleus tractus solitarius and to a lesser degree in all the other subdivisions of the nucleus(More)
To investigate whether glutamate is a neurotransmitter in vagus nerve sensory afferents terminating in the nucleus tractus solitarius, these terminals were identified by the anterograde transport and their glutamate content examined using the post-embedding immunogold technique. After injection of horseradish peroxidase into the nodose ganglion(More)
The Purkinje cell projection from the cardiovascular region of sublobule b of the uvula (medial area of zone A) has been investigated using anterograde tracing methods in the rabbit. The importance of the integrity of the identified pathways in mediating the cardiovascular responses from the uvula has been studied in subsequent lesioning experiments. Wheat(More)
The central distribution of vagal afferents in the medulla containing either substance P, calcitonin gene-related peptide or 5-hydroxytryptamine was examined using a double-labelling technique and laser scanning confocal microscopy. Areas of the nucleus tractus solitarii, dorsal motonucleus of the vagus nerve and area postrema were scanned for(More)
We have demonstrated by autoradiography, displaceable binding for [125I]endothelin-1 ([125I]ET-1), [125I]endothelin-2 ([125I]ET-2), and [125I]endothelin-3 ([125I]ET-3) in the cat carotid bifurcation as well as in the nucleus of the tractus solitarius, where baroreceptor and chemoreceptor afferents from the carotid body and sinus terminate. There was also(More)
The authors report 522 infants and young children aged between one month and six years who presented with convulsions and fever as emergencies in Nigeria. 22 had bacterial meningitis, six of whom lacked the usual signs of meningitis. Although features of complex febrile convulsions were significantly associated with bacterial meningitis, it is concluded(More)
This study aimed to determine whether receptors for endothelin were present on the cardiac myocyte as well as on vascular smooth muscle cells. Low- and high-resolution autoradiography was performed using 125I-endothelin 1 on intact rat myocardium and samples of human ventricle obtained from explanted hearts at the time of transplant. In addition to specific(More)
A 3-year-old Nigerian boy was treated with phenobarbitone after having a nonfebrile seizure. Two weeks later his urine was found to contain porphobilinogen, indicating that latent acute intermittent porphyria had been unmasked by phenobarbitone. The drug was discontinued and carbamazepine was substituted. The urine became free of porphobilinogen and the(More)
In vitro receptor autoradiography has been used to study the distribution of [(125)I]endothelin binding sites in human coronary tissue from patients undergoing cardiac transplantation. Dense binding of [(125)I]endothelin was associated with the smooth muscle of epicardial coronary arteries as well as to perivascular regions of these vessels. Binding was(More)
The functional distribution of uncrossed and crossed pulmonary afferent fibres in the cervical vagus nerves has been studied in the anaesthetized cat using acute and chronic unilateral pneumonectomized preparations. The heart and lungs were sympathectomized routinely. The vagal afferent pathways of three pulmonary reflexes were investigated: the(More)