Richard M. Single

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Population genetic statistics from multilocus genotype data inform our understanding of the patterns of genetic variation and their implications for evolutionary studies, generally, and human disease studies in particular. In any given population one can estimate haplotype frequencies, identify deviation from Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium, test for balancing(More)
Software to analyze multi-locus genotype data for entire populations is useful for estimating haplotype frequencies, deviation from Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium and patterns of linkage disequilibrium. These statistical results are important to both those interested in human genome variation and disease predisposition as well as evolutionary genetics. As part(More)
OBJECTIVE This study investigated whether electromyographic signals recorded from the skin surface overlying the multifidus muscles could be used to quantify their activity. DESIGN Comparison of electromyography signals recorded from electrodes on the back surface and from wire electrodes within four different slips of multifidus muscles of three human(More)
Many lines of evidence show that several HLA loci have experienced balancing selection. However, distinguishing among demographic and selective explanations for patterns of variation observed with HLA genes remains a challenge. In the present study we address this issue using data from a diverse set of human populations at six classical HLA loci and,(More)
In the present study, we investigate patterns of variation in the KIR cluster in a large and well-characterized sample of worldwide human populations in the Human Genome Diversity Project—Centre d'Etude du Polymorphisme Humain (HGDP-CEPH) panel in order to better understand the patterns of diversity in the region. Comparison of KIR data with that from other(More)
Twenty-two human major histocompatibility complex (MHC) region microsatellite (Msat) markers were studied for diversity and linkage disequilibrium (LD) with HLA loci in hematopoietic cell transplant recipients and their HLA-A, HLA-B, HLA-C, HLA-DRB1, and HLA-DQB1 allele-matched unrelated donors. These Msats showed highly significant LD over much of the MHC(More)
Techniques that test for linkage between a marker and a trait locus based on the regression methods proposed by Haseman and Elston [1972] involve testing a null hypothesis of no linkage by examination of the regression coefficient. Modified Haseman-Elston methods accomplish this using ordinary least squares (OLS), weighted least squares (WLS), in which(More)
The immune response HLA class II DRB1 gene provides the major genetic contribution to Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (JIA), with a hierarchy of predisposing through intermediate to protective effects. With JIA, and the many other HLA associated diseases, it is difficult to identify the combinations of biologically relevant amino acid (AA) residues directly(More)
The Biostatistics Component of the 13th International Histocompatibility Workshop (IHWS) developed the PyPop (Python for Population Genomics) software framework for high-throughput analysis and quality control (QC) assessments of highly polymorphic genotype data. Since its initial release, the software has had several new analysis modules added to it. These(More)
Common measures of surgical quality are 30-day morbidity and mortality, which poorly describe breast cancer surgical quality with extremely low morbidity and mortality rates. Several national quality programs have collected additional surgical quality measures; however, program participation is voluntary and results may not be generalizable to all surgeons.(More)