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We propose a general framework for prediction of predefined tumor classes using gene expression profiles from microarray experiments. The framework consists of 1) evaluating the appropriateness of class prediction for the given data set, 2) selecting the prediction method, 3) performing cross-validated class prediction, and 4) assessing the significance of(More)
The NCI-60 cell lines are the most frequently studied human tumor cell lines in cancer research. This panel has generated the most extensive cancer pharmacology database worldwide. In addition, these cell lines have been intensely investigated, providing a unique platform for hypothesis-driven research focused on enhancing our understanding of tumor(More)
MOTIVATION Recent technological advances such as cDNA microarray technology have made it possible to simultaneously interrogate thousands of genes in a biological specimen. A cDNA microarray experiment produces a gene expression 'profile'. Often interest lies in discovering novel subgroupings, or 'clusters', of specimens based on their profiles, for example(More)
Developments in whole genome biotechnology have stimulated statistical focus on prediction methods. We review here methodology for classifying patients into survival risk groups and for using cross-validation to evaluate such classifications. Measures of discrimination for survival risk models include separation of survival curves, time-dependent ROC curves(More)
Many gene expression studies attempt to develop a predictor of pre-defined diagnostic or prognostic classes. If the classes are similar biologically, then the number of genes that are differentially expressed between the classes is likely to be small compared to the total number of genes measured. This motivates a two-step process for predictor development,(More)
PURPOSE A common goal of gene expression microarray studies is the development of a classifier that can be used to divide patients into groups with different prognoses, or with different expected responses to a therapy. These types of classifiers are developed on a training set, which is the set of samples used to train a classifier. The question of how(More)
MOTIVATION The T-cell receptor, a major histocompatibility complex (MHC) molecule, and a bound antigenic peptide, play major roles in the process of antigen-specific T-cell activation. T-cell recognition was long considered exquisitely specific. Recent data also indicate that it is highly flexible, and one receptor may recognize thousands of different(More)
A key step in bringing gene expression data into clinical practice is the conduct of large studies to confirm preliminary models. The performance of such confirmatory studies and the transition to clinical practice requires that microarray data from different laboratories are comparable and reproducible. We designed a study to assess the comparability of(More)
Abbreviations: autism Aut Tourette Syndrome TS autoimmune/ inflammatory disorders AI multiple sclerosis MS systemic lupus erythematosus SLE systemic lupus erythematosus SLE-NP with neuropsychiatric phenotype Crohn's disease CD Psoriasis PS Type I diabetes IDDM Ankylosing spondylitis ANK Obsessive compulsive disorder OCD Attention Deficit Hyperactivity(More)