Anthony G Gallagher2
Cynthia A Miller1
Elspeth M. McDougall1
E Matt Ritter1
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  • Anthony G Gallagher, E Matt Ritter, Howard Champion, Gerald Higgins, Marvin P Fried, Gerald Moses +2 others
  • 2005
SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA To inform surgeons about the practical issues to be considered for successful integration of virtual reality simulation into a surgical training program. The learning and practice of minimally invasive surgery (MIS) makes unique demands on surgical training programs. A decade ago Satava proposed virtual reality (VR) surgical(More)
Medical applications for virtual reality (VR) technologies are just beginning to emerge. These include VR surgical simulators, telepresence surgery, complex medical database visualization, and rehabilitation. These applications are mediated through the computer interface and embody VR as an integral part of a paradigm shift in the field of medicine. The(More)
OBJECTIVE In our effort to establish criterion-based skills training for surgeons, we assessed the performance of 17 experienced laparoscopic surgeons on basic technical surgical skills recorded electronically in 26 modules selected in 5 commercially available, computer-based simulators. METHODS Performance data were derived from selected surgeons(More)
We hypothesized that a simulator designed to train surgical novices angled laparoscopic navigation would show an improvement in subjects' performance, a high test re-test reliability and high internal validity as measured by standardized coefficient alpha. It was also predicted that simulator performance would be strongly related to objectively assess(More)
The scientific method has been the mainstay of scientific inquiry and clinical practice for nearly a century. A new methodology has been emerging from the scientific (nonmedical) community: the introduction of modeling and simulation as an integral part of the scientific process. Thus, after the hypothesis is proposed and an experiment is designed, modern(More)