Richard M. Satava

Learn More
768 pages. The book presents all the necessary theory for the successful practice of automatic process control. The significance of the theory is explained at all times. Both introductory. Significant advances have been made in the field since the previous classic texts were written. This text brings the available knowledge up to date. * Enables the reader(More)
SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA To inform surgeons about the practical issues to be considered for successful integration of virtual reality simulation into a surgical training program. The learning and practice of minimally invasive surgery (MIS) makes unique demands on surgical training programs. A decade ago Satava proposed virtual reality (VR) surgical(More)
We hypothesized that a simulator designed to train surgical novices angled laparoscopic navigation would show an improvement in subjects' performance, a high test re-test reliability and high internal validity as measured by standardized coefficient alpha. It was also predicted that simulator performance would be strongly related to objectively assess(More)
Virtual reality (VR) is usually described as an artificial environment, created with methods of computer graphics on high-performance rendering machines, where users wearing head-mounted displays and data-gloves, or using other interfaces, navigate and interact with the scene or each other in (near-) real time. VR has become particularly popular for all(More)
The analogy between Minimally Invasive Surgery (MIS) and the human language inspires the decomposition of a surgical task into its primary elements. The frequency of different elements or words" and their sequential associations or "grammar" both hold critical information about the process and outcome of the procedure. Modeling these sequential element(More)