Richard M. Niles

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Resveratrol is a plant polyphenol found in grapes and red wine. It has been found to have beneficial effects on the cardiovascular system. Resveratrol also inhibits the growth of various tumor cell lines in vitro and inhibits carcinogenesis in vivo. In this study we examined the effect of resveratrol on growth of two human melanoma cell lines. We found that(More)
Retinoic acid induces growth arrest and differentiation in B16 mouse melanoma cells. Using gene arrays, we identified several early response genes whose expression is altered by retinoic acid. One of the genes, tbx2, is a member of T-box nuclear binding proteins that are important morphogens in developing embryos. Increased TBX2 mRNA is seen within 2 h(More)
Primary hamster tracheal epithelial cells growing on a collagen gel matrix produce high molecular weight mucins indistinguishable from mucins produced in vivo. Using a modified version of these confluent cultures, we have demonstrated here that (i) release of mucins can be stimulated by human neutrophil elastase (HNE; EC 3.4.21.37); (ii) HNE can degrade(More)
Vitamin A, its physiologic metabolites, and synthetic derivatives (retinoids) have been shown to have protective effects against the development of certain types of cancer. In addition, pharmacologic amounts of retinoids have been used with some success in the treatment of a few human tumors. The chemoprevention effect of retinoids is most likely exerted at(More)
Differentiation of B16 mouse melanoma cells induced by retinoic acid (RA) is preceded by a large increase in protein kinase C alpha (PKC alpha) mRNA and protein. To determine the role of PKC alpha in the differentiation program, we stably transfected B16-F1 cells with a plasmid containing the full length PKC alpha cDNA driven by an SV40 promoter. Two out of(More)
The Vitamin A metabolite, retinoic acid, has been shown to have chemopreventive and therapeutic activity for certain cancers such as head and neck, cervical, neuroblastoma and promyelocytic leukemia. Retinoic acid achieves these activities by inducing differentiation and/or growth arrest. A large number of studies have investigated the mechanism(s) by which(More)
We recently have shown that Charged multivesicular protein/Chromatin modifying protein1A (Chmp1A) functions as a tumor suppressor in human pancreatic tumor cells. Pancreatic cancer has the worst prognosis of all cancers with a dismal 5-year survival rate. Preclinical studies using ATRA for treating human pancreatic cancer suggest this compound might be(More)
The influence of all trans-retinoic acid on cyclic AMP metabolism was examined in B16-F1 mouse melanoma cells. Treatment of these cells with retinoic acid resulted in a dose-dependent inhibition of cell growth which was accompanied by a concentration-dependent increase in both basal and cyclic AMP-stimulated protein kinase activity, Intracellular levels of(More)
The mechanism by which retinoids, thyroid hormone (T3) and estrogens modulate the growth of breast cancer cells is unclear. Since nuclear type II nuclear receptors, including retinoic acid receptor (RAR), retinoid X receptor (RXR) and thyroid hormone receptor (TR), bind direct repeats (DR) of the estrogen response elements (ERE) half-site (5'-AGGTCA-3'), we(More)
Smooth muscle cell differentiation and proliferation are increasingly seen to be intimately tied to the etiology of atherosclerosis and hypertension. To determine the role of PKC alpha in the regulation of smooth muscle cell differentiation and proliferation, the rat embryonic smooth muscle cell line A7r5 was transfected with an expression vector containing(More)