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We tested the hypothesis that adaptations in peripheral arterial vasoreactivity are induced by exercise training. Male rats were trained to run on a treadmill at 30 m/min (15 degrees incline) for 1 h/day 5 days/wk for 10-12 wk. Efficacy was indicated by a 51% increase (P < 0.05) in citrate synthase activity in soleus muscle of exercise-trained (ET) rats(More)
Aerobic exercise training induces an increase in coronary vascular transport capacity. This increased transport capacity is the result of increases in both blood flow capacity and capillary exchange capacity. These functional changes are the result of two major types of adaptive responses, structural vascular adaptation and altered control of vascular(More)
The TE-85 osteosarcoma cell line has several of the in vitro properties of malignant cells, including colony formation in agar, but has low extracellular fibrinolytic activity and no capacity to form tumors in ATS-treated hamsters. Some TE-85 cells clones (clones 2, 4 and 6) have increased fibrinolytic activity but do not form tumors in hamsters. TE-85(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to determine if %Type I fibers and/or aerobic fitness (as peak .VO(2)) would predict Delta efficiency (DeltaEff) and Delta.VO(2)/Deltawork rate (WR) for moderate (below lactate threshold <LT) constant work rate exercise in subjects with diverse level of fitness and fiber type. METHODS Twenty-two subjects (15 male, 23(More)
To determine the functional role of nitric oxide (NO) in regulating vascular conductance during high intensity dynamic exercise in skeletal muscles composed of all major fibre types, female Wistar rats (277 +/- 4 g; n = 7) were run on a motor-driven treadmill at a speed and gradient (60 m min(-1), 10 % gradient) established to yield maximal oxygen uptake(More)
Human osteosarcoma (HOS) clonal cells transformed in vitro by N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine (MNNG) were characterized, and compared to non-producer HOS cells transformed by Kirsten murine sarcoma virus (Ki-MSV). The MNNG- and virus-transformed cells grew in the aggregate form above an agar base, grew in soft agar, and had a high fibrinolytic(More)
Both hypo- and hyperthyroidism are characterised by exercise intolerance. In hypothyroidism, inadequate cardiovascular support appears to be the principal factor involved. Insufficient skeletal muscle blood flow compromises exercise capacity via reduced oxygen delivery, and endurance through decreased delivery of blood-borne substrates. The latter effect(More)