Richard M. McAllister

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Endurance exercise training (Ex) has been shown to increase maximal skeletal muscle blood flow. The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that increased endothelium-dependent vasodilation is associated with the Ex-induced increase in muscle blood flow. Furthermore, we hypothesized that enhanced endothelium-dependent dilation is confined to(More)
We have previously reported that changes in thyroid status are associated with significant alterations in skeletal muscle blood flow during exercise and that changes in endothelium-dependent vasodilation may contribute to these blood flow abnormalities. The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that altered endothelium-dependent vasoconstriction(More)
Few studies have examined potential for endothelium-dependent vasodilation in skeletal muscles of different fiber-type composition. We hypothesized that muscles composed of slow oxidative (SO)- and/or fast oxidative glycolytic (FOG)-type fibers have greater potential for endothelium-dependent vasodilation than muscles composed of fast glycolytic (FG)-type(More)
The mechanisms responsible for the decrements in exercise performance in chronic heart failure (CHF) remain poorly understood, but it has been suggested that sarcolemmal alterations could contribute to the early onset of muscular fatigue. Previously, our laboratory demonstrated that the maximal number of ouabain binding sites (B(max)) is reduced in the(More)
The purpose of the present study was to test the hypothesis that gender influences exercise training-induced adaptations of vascular reactivity of porcine arteries that provide blood flow to skeletal muscle and femoral and brachial arteries. Male and female Yucatan miniature swine were exercise trained on a motor-driven treadmill or cage confined for 16-20(More)
Thyroid disease has profound effects on cardiovascular function. Hypo- and hyperthyroidism, for example, are associated with reduced and increased maximal endothelium-dependent vasodilation respectively. We therefore hypothesized that the capacity for vascular nitric oxide (NO) formation is decreased in hypothyroidism and increased in hyperthyroidism. To(More)
The primary purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that endurance exercise training induces increased oxidative capacity in porcine skeletal muscle. To test this hypothesis, female miniature swine were either trained by treadmill running 5 days/wk over 16-20 wk (Trn; n = 35) or pen confined (Sed; n = 33). Myocardial hypertrophy, lower heart rates(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) is potentially involved in several responses to acute exercise. We tested the hypotheses that inhibition of NO formation reduces maximal O(2) delivery to muscle, but does not affect O(2) utilization by muscle, therefore lowering maximal O(2) consumption. To test these hypotheses, swine (approximately 30 kg) drank either tap water (Con, n =(More)
ATP could play an important role in skeletal muscle blood flow regulation by inducing vasodilation via purinergic P2 receptors. This study investigated the role of P2 receptors in exercise hyperemia in miniature swine. We measured regional blood flow with radiolabeled-microsphere technique and systemic hemodynamics before and after arterial infusion of the(More)