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BACKGROUND Sudden death from cardiac causes remains a leading cause of death among patients with congestive heart failure (CHF). Treatment with amiodarone or an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) has been proposed to improve the prognosis in such patients. METHODS We randomly assigned 2521 patients with New York Heart Association (NYHA) class II(More)
OBJECTIVES The purpose of this multicenter study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of a radiofrequency (RF) catheter ablation system with internal saline irrigation. BACKGROUND Catheter ablation of ventricular tachycardia (VT) associated with structural heart disease is more difficult than ablation of idiopathic VT. The larger size of responsible(More)
BACKGROUND The most important factor for improving out-of-hospital ventricular fibrillation survival rates is early defibrillation. This can be achieved if small, lightweight, inexpensive automatic external defibrillators are widely disseminated. Because automatic external defibrillator size and cost are directly affected by defibrillation waveform shape(More)
Linking is an electrophysiologic phenomenon in which each successive impulse entering a macroreentry circuit propagates preferentially along 1 limb because of the functional impedance to conduction in the contralateral limb produced by the previous impulse. Electrophysiologic studies were performed in 12 patients with a bidirectionally conducting accessory(More)
Low energy internal atrial cardioversion can be performed by delivering biphasic shocks between transvenous catheters positioned within the cardiac chambers or great vessels. Delivery of shocks results in effective cardioversion at energies < 6-10 J and the procedure can be effective even when external cardioversion has failed. Shock induced discomfort(More)
OBJECTIVES The effects of propafenone, a predominantly class IC antiarrhythmic drug, on defibrillation and pacing thresholds were evaluated in patients undergoing cardioverter-defibrillator implantation. BACKGROUND Previous studies have shown that the class IC agents encainide and flecainide may increase the energy requirements for pacing and(More)
The relation between time to first shock and clinical outcome was studied in 60 patients who received an automatic implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (AICD) from August 1983 through May 1988. The mean (+/- SD) patient age was 64 +/- 10 years, 82% were men and the mean ejection fraction was 33 +/- 13%. During follow-up, 38 patients (63%) had one or more(More)
UNLABELLED The time to first ICD shock has been extensively studied in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). However, there are no published data on ICD shocks in patients with Chagas cardiomyopathy (ChC). The occurrence of the first appropriate ICD shock during the first 6 months of follow-up in 20 patients with ChC (group 1) and 35 CAD patients(More)
This study examined the clinical, echocardiographic, and electrophysiological factors influencing the atrial defibrillation threshold (ADFT) in patients with chronic, persistent AF undergoing transvenous, low energy, atrial cardioversion. Twenty-two patients (age 57 +/- 15 years) with a mean AF duration of 7.8 +/- 7.1 months (range 2-32 months) underwent(More)