Richard M. Hann

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The nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (AChR) controls signal transmission between cells in the nervous system. Abused drugs such as cocaine inhibit this receptor. Transient kinetic investigations indicate that inhibitors decrease the channel-opening equilibrium constant [Hess, G. P. & Grewer, C. (1998) Methods Enzymol. 291, 443-473]. Can compounds be found(More)
1. The electric organ ofTorpedo nobiliana contained putrescine (PUT), spermidine (SPD), spermine (SPM), and cadaverine (CAD). Traces of acetylated SPD and SPM were occasionaly seen. 2. Upon fractionation of the tissue by differential centrifugation, the polyamines (PA) were found predominantly in the soluble fraction. The postsynaptic membrane fraction,(More)
Nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (AChRs) are pentameric proteins that form agonist-gated cation channels through the plasma membrane. AChR agonists and antagonists are potential candidates for the treatment of neurodegenerative diseases. Cembranoids are naturally occurring diterpenoids that contain a 14-carbon ring. These diterpenoids interact with AChRs(More)
1. Three cyclic diterpenoids isolated from gorgonians of theEunicea genus and characterized as eupalmerin acetate (EUAC), 12,13-bisepieupalmerin (BEEP), and eunicin (EUNI) were found to be pharmacologically active on the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (AChR). 2. The receptor from the BC3H-1 muscle cell line was expressed inXenopus laevis oocytes and(More)
1. Muscle and electric organ acetylcholine receptors (AChR's) were expressed inXenopus laevis oocytes and differential effects of noncompetitive blockers on each type of receptor were analyzed using a two-electrode voltage clamp. 2. The positively charged channel blockers, phencyclidine (PCP) and tetracaine, displayed a much lower potency on muscle receptor(More)
The present study examined the effects of 0.1% dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) on nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChR) from mouse muscle and Torpedo californica electrocytes. Receptors were expressed in Xenopus laevis oocytes and studied with voltage-clamp. When applied simultaneously with acetylcholine, DMSO did not inhibit current amplitude of either(More)
Long-chain alkanols are general anesthetics which can also act as uncharged noncompetitive inhibitors of the peripheral nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (AChR) by binding to one or more specific sites on the AChR. Cembranoids are naturally occurring, uncharged noncompetitive inhibitors of peripheral and neuronal AChRs, which have no demonstrable general(More)
A solution of succinic anhydride (SA) in buffer N-tris(hydroxymethyl)methyl-2-aminoethane sulfonic acid (TES), the SATES solution, potentiates the effect of carbonyl containing agonists on frog muscle (del Castillo et al., Br. J. Pharmac. 84: 275-288, 1985). Here we report that the main compound in the SATES solution is a monosuccinyl ester of TES (MST).(More)
The alpha-conotoxins are paralytic peptide toxins from Indo-Pacific cone snails. This paper presents a detailed analysis of how alpha-conotoxins inhibit [125I]-alpha-bungarotoxin (125I-BTX) equilibrium binding to the acetylcholine receptor (AChR) from electric organ of Torpedo californica and Torpedo nobiliana. All three alpha-conotoxins studied, SI, GI,(More)