Richard M Fine

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Umami is one of the 5 basic taste qualities. The umami taste of L-glutamate can be drastically enhanced by 5' ribonucleotides and the synergy is a hallmark of this taste quality. The umami taste receptor is a heteromeric complex of 2 class C G-protein-coupled receptors, T1R1 and T1R3. Here we elucidate the molecular mechanism of the synergy using chimeric(More)
Although phosphoinositide 3-kinases (PI3Ks) play beneficial pro-cell survival roles during tissue ischemia, some isoforms (gamma and delta) paradoxically contribute to the inflammation that damages these same tissues upon reperfusion. We therefore considered the possibility that selectively inhibiting proinflammatory PI3K isoforms during the reperfusion(More)
Positive allosteric modulators of the human sweet taste receptor have been developed as a new way of reducing dietary sugar intake. Besides their potential health benefit, the sweet taste enhancers are also valuable tool molecules to study the general mechanism of positive allosteric modulations of T1R taste receptors. Using chimeric receptors, mutagenesis,(More)
We describe a method for predicting the conformations of loops in proteins and its application to four of the complementarity determining regions [CDRs] in the crystallographically determined structure of MCPC603. The method is based on the generation of a large number of randomly generated conformations for the backbone of the loop being studied, followed(More)
Chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) is a hematological stem cell disorder caused by increased and unregulated growth of myeloid cells in the bone marrow, and the accumulation of excessive white blood cells. Abelson tyrosine kinase (ABL) is a non-receptor tyrosine kinase involved in cell growth and proliferation and is usually under tight control. However,(More)
We report the discovery and preliminary SAR studies of a series of structurally novel benzotriazine core based small molecules as inhibitors of Src kinase. To the best of our knowledge, benzotriazine template based compounds have not been reported as kinase inhibitors. The 3-(2-(1-pyrrolidinyl)ethoxy)phenyl analogue (43) was identified as one of the most(More)
The orphan nuclear receptor estrogen-related receptor alpha (ERRalpha) has been implicated in the development of various human malignancies, including breast, prostate, ovary, and colon cancer. ERRalpha, bound to a co-activator protein (e.g., peroxisome proliferator receptor gamma co-activator-1alpha, PGC-1alpha), regulates cellular energy metabolism by(More)
We describe the identification of [7-(2,6-dichlorophenyl)-5-methylbenzo [1,2,4]triazin-3-yl]-[4-(2-pyrrolidin-1-ylethoxy)phenyl]amine (3), a potent, orally active Src inhibitor with desirable PK properties, demonstrated activity in human tumor cell lines and in animal models of tumor growth.
A model for an antibody specific for the carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) has been constructed using a method which combines the concept of canonical structures with conformational search. A conformational search technique is introduced which couples random generation of backbone loop conformations to a simulated annealing method for assigning side chain(More)