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We investigated the importance of the myosin head in thick filament formation and myofibrillogenesis by generating transgenic Drosophila lines expressing either an embryonic or an adult isoform of the myosin rod in their indirect flight muscles. The headless myosin molecules retain the regulatory light-chain binding site, the alpha-helical rod and the(More)
The Drosophila melanogaster dorsal vessel is a linear organ that pumps blood through the body. Blood enters the dorsal vessel in a posterior chamber termed the heart, and is pumped in an anterior direction through a region of the dorsal vessel termed the aorta. Although the genes that specify dorsal vessel cell fate are well understood, there is still much(More)
Drosophila indirect flight muscles (IFMs) contain a 35 kDa protein which cross-reacts with antibodies to the IFM specific protein troponin-H isoform 34 (TnH-34). Peptide fingerprinting and peptide sequencing showed that this 35 kDa protein is glutathione S-transferase-2 (GST-2). GST-2 is present in the asynchronous indirect flight muscles but not in the(More)
Formation of the heart is dependent on an intricate cascade of developmental decisions. Analysis of the molecules and mechanisms involved in the specification of cardiac cell fates, differentiation and diversification of cardiac muscle cells, and morphogenesis and patterning of different cardiac cell types has revealed an evolutionarily conserved network of(More)
MEF2 is a MADS-box transcription factor required for muscle development in Drosophila. Here, we show that the bHLH transcription factor Twist directly regulates Mef2 expression in adult somatic muscle precursor cells via a 175-bp enhancer located 2245 bp upstream of the transcriptional start site. Within this element, a single evolutionarily conserved E box(More)
To identify regulatory events occurring during myogenesis, we characterized the transcriptional regulation of a Drosophila melanogaster actin gene, Actin 57B. Act57B transcription is first detected in visceral muscle precursors and is detectable in all embryonic muscles by the end of embryogenesis. Through deletion analysis we identified a 595 bp promoter(More)
The myocyte enhancer factor-2 (MEF2) transcription factor plays a central role in the activation and maintenance of muscle gene expression in fruit flies and vertebrates. The mechanism of action and downstream target genes of MEF2 have been defined in considerable detail, but relatively little is known about the mechanisms that regulate MEF2 expression(More)
We have transformed Drosophila melanogaster with a genomic construct containing the entire wild-type myosin heavy-chain gene, Mhc, together with approximately 9 kb of flanking DNA on each side. Three independent lines stably express myosin heavy-chain protein (MHC) at approximately wild-type levels. The MHC produced is functional since it rescues the mutant(More)
We describe polymorphism in aDrosophila indirect flight muscle-specific tropomyosin isozyme, named TnH-34. Three variants of this protein differ in their mobilities as determined by 1-D and 2-D SDS-PAGE. Meiotic mapping places the polymorphism close to, if not within, the structural gene encoding this tropomyosin isozyme. The most likely site of the(More)