Richard M. Clifford

Learn More
The cognitive and socioemotional development of 733 children was examined longitudinally from ages 4 to 8 years as a function of the quality of their preschool experiences in community child-care centers, after adjusting for family selection factors related to child-care quality and development. These results provide evidence that child-care quality has a(More)
This study draws from the National Center for Early Development and Learning’s Multi-State Pre-Kindergarten Study to examine the extent to which program, classroom, and teacher attributes of the program ecology predict observed quality and teacher–child interactions in a sample of 238 classrooms representing 6 states’ pre-kindergarten programs. Quality was(More)
In an effort to provide high-quality preschool education, policymakers are increasingly requiring public preschool teachers to have at least a Bachelor's degree, preferably in early childhood education. Seven major studies of early care and education were used to predict classroom quality and children's academic outcomes from the educational attainment and(More)
v Dedication [] We dedicate this work to the memory of Mary Culkin and Leslie Phillipsen. These two outstanding women were integral members of our research team from its inception. Through their brilliant and caring work, they helped improve the lives of children today and of future generations as well. We miss them greatly. /
States have accumulated considerable experience in operating publicly sponsored pre-kindergarten programs. In spite of this extensive experience, only fragmentary accounts exist of how these pre-kindergarten (pre-k) programs handle issues such as program intensity, location, staffing, and population served. These issues are addressed by the National Center(More)
This article presents data on the family and social environments of 501 children enrolled in public sponsored pre-K in 5 states and tests the relation of these resources to child competence. Structured interviews and questionnaires provide information from parents about the family's social and economic status. Direct assessments and teacher reports provide(More)
Previous studies investigating the relationship between insulin therapy on quality of life (QOL) in Type 2 diabetes have produced conflicting results that may reflect differences in patient samples, study design and context. To assess the effect of insulin on QOL in a community-based, prospective and observational setting, we studied 1290 Type 2 patients(More)
Child engagement in prekindergarten classrooms was examined using 2,751 children (mean age=4.62) enrolled in public prekindergarten programs that were part of the Multi-State Study of Pre-Kindergarten and the State-Wide Early Education Programs Study. Latent class analysis was used to classify children into 4 profiles of classroom engagement: free play,(More)
  • 1