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Spiranthes romanzoffiana Cham. is restricted in Europe to the British Isles, where it is recognised as a conservation priority species due to frequent extirpation of populations along with no evidence of seed set; vegetative reproduction has been invoked as the sole means of perpetuation and dispersal. To investigate the reproductive ecology of this(More)
Epigenetic information includes heritable signals that modulate gene expression but are not encoded in the primary nucleotide sequence. We have studied natural epigenetic variation in three allotetraploid sibling orchid species (Dactylorhiza majalis s.str, D. traunsteineri s.l., and D. ebudensis) that differ radically in geography/ecology. The epigenetic(More)
Variability of allozymes (1170 individuals, 47 populations) and chloroplast DNA (692 individuals, 29 populations) was examined in native European and introduced North American populations of Epipactis helleborine (Orchidaceae). At the species level, the percentage of allozyme loci that were polymorphic (P(99)) was 67%, with a mean of 2.11 alleles (A) per(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS This study explores the previously largely ignored morphological variation that occurs among flowers within a single inflorescence. METHODS Variation in four metric parameters (labellum length and width, spur length and width) that together strongly influence pollination frequency is documented within the simple racemose inflorescences(More)
• Premise of the study: Most orchid species native to the Macaronesian islands reflect immigration from western Europe or North Africa followed by anagenesis. The only putative exception is the butterfly orchids (Platanthera) of the Azores, where three species apparently reflect at least one cladogenetic speciation event. This multidisciplinary study(More)
Sequence data from the low-copy nuclear genes encoding phosphoribulokinase (PRK) and the second largest subunit of RNA polymerase II (RPB2) are used to generate the first phylogenetic analysis of Chamaedorea (Arecaceae: Arecoideae: Chamaedoreeae), the largest neotropical genus of palms. The prevailing current taxonomy of Chamaedorea recognizes approximately(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS The Platanthera clade dominates the North American orchid flora and is well represented in eastern Asia. It has also generated some classic studies of speciation in Platanthera sections Platanthera and Limnorchis. However, it has proved rich in taxonomic controversy and near-monotypic genera. The clade is reviewed via a new molecular(More)
A gynostemium, comprising stamen filaments adnate to a syncarpous style, occurs in only threc groups of monocots: the large family Orchidaceae (Asparagales) and two small genera Pauridia (Hypoxidaceae: Asparagales) and Corsia (Corsiaceae, probably in Liliales), all epigynous taxa. Pauridia has actinomorphic (polysymmetric) flowers, whereas those of Corsia(More)
BACKGROUND Hybridization and polyploidy are potent forces that have regularly stimulated plant evolution and adaptation. Dactylorhiza majalis s.s., D. traunsteineri s.l. and D. ebudensis are three allopolyploid species of a polyploid complex formed through unidirectional (and, in the first two cases, recurrent) hybridization between the widespread diploids(More)
The early evolution of seed plants was marked by a sequence of putative key innovations associated with the microgametophyte, including reversal of microspore polarity, loss of sperm motility and co-option of the pollen tube to a new role, siphonogamy. Data from several interfacing fields of plant development are reviewed here in the context of recent(More)