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The standard paradigm postulates that the human mitochondrial genome (mtDNA) is strictly maternally inherited and that, consequently, mtDNA lineages are clonal. As a result of mtDNA clonality, phylogenetic and population genetic analyses should therefore be free of the complexities imposed by biparental recombination. The use of mtDNA in analyses of human(More)
The authors analyzed the relationship between nuclear genetic risk factors (apolipoprotein E genotype) and mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) sequence variants in pathologically proved cases of AD (n = 185), dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB; n = 84), and control subjects (n = 179). Specific European mtDNA haplogroups and the A4336G mutation were not associated with an(More)
A novel heteroplasmic 7587T-->C mutation in the mitochondrial genome which changes the initiation codon of the gene encoding cytochrome c oxidase subunit II (COX II), was found in a family with mitochondrial disease. This T-->C transition is predicted to change the initiating methionine to threonine. The mutation load was present at 67% in muscle from the(More)
PURPOSE To report the effect of intravitreal anti-vascular endothelial growth factor injections (IVI) on visual acuity in eyes with choroidal neovascularisation (CNVM) and co-existent vitreomacular traction (VMT) or when VMT has developed during the course of treatment. METHODS Retrospective interventional case series of seven eyes in seven patients. VMT(More)
Leber hereditary optic neuropathy (LHON) is a major cause of inherited blindness in young males. Approximately 1 in 7 individuals with LHON harbor a mixture of mutated and wild-type (normal) mtDNA (heteroplasmy), and the risks of developing blindness in heteroplasmic LHON individuals are not well characterized. MtDNA is inherited exclusively down the(More)
BACKGROUND The observation of a buildup of mitochondria at the level of the lamina cribrosa in the optic nerve head has traditionally been attributed to axoplasmic stasis. However, this region is also the transition zone for myelination, resulting in differing energy requirements. OBJECTIVE To investigate the relationship between myelination and(More)
Leber's hereditary optic neuropathy (LHON) is a common cause of bilateral optic nerve disease. The majority of LHON patients harbour one of three point mutations of the mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) complex I, or NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase (ND) genes (G11778A in ND4, G3460A in ND1, T14484C in ND6). As a consequence, screening for these mutations has become(More)
AIMS To demonstrate the quantitative distribution of mitochondrial enzymes within the human optic nerve and retina in relation to the pathogenesis of ophthalmic disease. METHODS Enucleations were performed at the time of multiple organ donation and the optic nerve and peripapillary retina immediately excised en bloc and frozen. Reactivities of the(More)