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PURPOSE To develop a guideline to improve the accuracy of immunohistochemical (IHC) estrogen receptor (ER) and progesterone receptor (PgR) testing in breast cancer and the utility of these receptors as predictive markers. METHODS The American Society of Clinical Oncology and the College of American Pathologists convened an international Expert Panel that(More)
Adjuvant breast cancer therapy with tamoxifen is associated with greater disease-free survival and possibly overall survival. Long-term treatment, possibly of indefinite duration, is being evaluated. Compliance with long-term therapy will depend largely on the nature and severity of tamoxifen's side effects. We evaluated the symptoms associated with(More)
PURPOSE To develop a guideline to improve the accuracy of immunohistochemical (IHC) estrogen receptor (ER) and progesterone receptor (PgR) testing in breast cancer and the utility of these receptors as predictive markers. METHODS The American Society of Clinical Oncology and the College of American Pathologists convened an international Expert Panel that(More)
  • R R Love
  • 1989
Since its introduction into clinical use in the early 1970s, the synthetic antiestrogen tamoxifen citrate has been shown to contribute to the control of human breast cancer in increasingly significant ways. While its mechanisms of action and pharmacology are incompletely understood, tamoxifen appears to act predominantly by blocking the action of estrogen(More)
Ocular toxicity is a common, but poorly understood, sequela from CMF chemotherapy. We investigated this toxicity in patients receiving CMF therapy. Detailed interviews in 210 patients revealed that new, unpleasant ocular symptoms developed in 42% of patients receiving CMF, in 39% of subjects receiving other regimens containing 5-fluorouracil (5-FU), and(More)
The current study examined the relationship of several variables at the patient (n = 2780), physician (n = 166), and group practice (n = 45) levels for predicting receipt of annual mammography screening. Patient-level variables included constructs from the Triandis Model of Choice; physician-level variables included measures of barriers and receptivity to(More)
While it seems obvious that diagnosis of cancers by screening early in their asymptomatic stages should result in improved outcomes, for most cancers proof in clinical practice is elusive. Various characteristics of cancers themselves, screening tests, and screening programs, are critical in estimating the potential value of particular screening efforts.(More)
BACKGROUND Because adjuvant tamoxifen citrate is given to women with early-stage breast cancer for long periods, it is important to know how it affects risk factors for osteoporotic bone fractures, particularly since rates of bone fracture increase rapidly with age in postmenopausal women. In a 2-year randomized placebo-controlled toxicity study in 140(More)
BACKGROUND AND METHODS Tamoxifen, a synthetic antiestrogen, increases disease-free and overall survival when used as adjuvant therapy for primary breast cancer. Because it is given for long periods, it is important to know whether tamoxifen affects the skeleton, particularly since it is used extensively in postmenopausal women who are at risk for(More)