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Statin inhibitors, used to control hypercholesterolemia, trigger apoptosis of hematologic tumor cells and therefore have immediate potential as anticancer agents. Evaluations of statins in acute myelogenous leukemia and multiple myeloma have shown that statin efficacy is mixed, with only a subset of tumor cells being highly responsive. Our goal was to(More)
High levels of expression of the ATP binding cassette transporter A1 (ABCA1) in the liver and the need to over- or underexpress hepatic ABCA1 to impact plasma HDL levels in mice suggest a major role of the liver in HDL formation and in determining circulating HDL levels. Cultured murine hepatocytes were used to examine the role of hepatic ABCA1 in mediating(More)
The presence of elevated circulating triacylglycerol (TG)-rich very low density lipoprotein (VLDL) and apolipoprotein B-100 (apoB-100) levels represents an independent risk factor for coronary artery disease. Triacylglycerol hydrolase catalyzes the mobilization of cytoplasmic TG stores. To test the hypothesis that the enzyme plays a role in the provision of(More)
Excessive fatty acid (FA) uptake by cardiac myocytes is often associated with adverse changes in cardiac function. This is especially evident in diabetic individuals, where increased intramyocardial triacylglycerol (TG) resulting from the exposure to high levels of circulating FA has been proposed to be a major contributor to diabetic cardiomyopathy. At(More)
Lipid droplets are universal intracellular organelles composed of a triglyceride, cholesteryl ester and retinyl ester core, surrounded by a monolayer of phospholipids and free (unesterified) cholesterol and lipid droplet-associated proteins. Core lipids are hydrolyzed by lipases to provide fatty acids, cholesterol and retinol for various cellular functions.(More)
Lipid droplets (LDs) form from the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and grow in size by obtaining triacylglycerols (TG). Triacylglycerol hydrolase (TGH), a lipase residing in the ER, is involved in the mobilization of TG stored in LDs for the secretion of very-low-density lipoproteins. In this study, we investigated TGH-mediated changes in cytosolic LD dynamics.(More)
BACKGROUND Matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2 deficiency makes humans and mice susceptible to inflammation. Here, we reveal an MMP-2-mediated mechanism that modulates the inflammatory response via secretory phospholipase A2 (sPLA2), a phospholipid hydrolase that releases fatty acids, including precursors of eicosanoids. METHODS AND RESULTS Mmp2(-/-) (and,(More)
Organization of lipids into membrane microdomains is a vital mechanism of protein processing. Here we show that overexpression of ERG6, a gene involved in ergosterol synthesis, elevates sterol levels 1.5-fold on the vacuole membrane and enhances their homotypic fusion. The mechanism of sterol-enhanced fusion is not via more efficient sorting, but instead(More)
Elevated postprandial plasma triacylglycerol (TG) concentrations are commonly associated with obesity and the risk of cardiovascular disease. Dietary fat contributes to this condition through the production of chylomicrons. Carboxylesterases have been mainly studied for their role in drug metabolism, but recently they have been shown to participate in lipid(More)
The known link between obesity and cancer suggests an important interaction between the host lipid metabolism and tumorigenesis. Here, we used a syngeneic tumor graft model to demonstrate that tumor development influences the host lipid metabolism. BCR-Abl-transformed precursor B cell tumors induced hyperlipidemia by stimulating very low-density lipoprotein(More)