Richard Lehner

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Mammalian carboxylesterase (CES or Ces) genes encode enzymes that participate in xenobiotic, drug, and lipid metabolism in the body and are members of at least five gene families. Tandem duplications have added more genes for some families, particularly for mouse and rat genomes, which has caused confusion in naming rodent Ces genes. This article describes(More)
Triacylglycerol (TG) is a storage lipid which serves as an energy reservoir and a source of signalling molecules and substrates for membrane biogenesis. TG is essential for many physiological processes and its metabolism is widely conserved in nature. Acyl-CoA:diacylglycerol acyltransferase (DGAT, EC 2.3.1.20) catalyzes the final step in the(More)
Excessive fatty acid (FA) uptake by cardiac myocytes is often associated with adverse changes in cardiac function. This is especially evident in diabetic individuals, where increased intramyocardial triacylglycerol (TG) resulting from the exposure to high levels of circulating FA has been proposed to be a major contributor to diabetic cardiomyopathy. At(More)
AIMS Lysine acetylation is a novel post-translational pathway that regulates the activities of enzymes involved in both fatty acid and glucose metabolism. We examined whether lysine acetylation controls heart glucose and fatty acid oxidation in high-fat diet (HFD) obese and SIRT3 knockout (KO) mice. METHODS AND RESULTS C57BL/6 mice were placed on either a(More)
Excessive accumulation of triacylglycerol in peripheral tissues is tightly associated with obesity and has been identified as an independent risk factor for insulin resistance, type 2 diabetes, and cardiovascular complications. Here we show that ablation of carboxylesterase 3 (Ces3)/triacylglycerol hydrolase (TGH) expression in mice (Tgh(-/-)) results in(More)
A membrane-associated sn-1,2(2,3)-diacylglycerol transacylase activity was purified 550-fold from the microsomes of rat intestinal villus cells. The enzyme was solubilized with the zwitterionic detergent 3-[(3-cholamidopropyl)dimethylammonio]-1-propanesulfonate and was isolated and purified by sequential chromatography on hydroxylapatite, an anion(More)
Hepatic VLDL (very-low-density lipoprotein) assembly is a complex process that is largely regulated by the provision of lipid for apolipoprotein B assembly. Intracellular stored TAG (triacylglycerol) undergoes an initial lipolysis followed by re-esterification of the lipolytic products to form TAG prior to their incorporation into a VLDL particle. TGH (TAG(More)
Triacylglycerol hydrolase (TGH) is an enzyme that catalyzes the lipolysis of intracellular stored triacylglycerol (TG). Peroxisomal proliferator-activated receptors (PPAR) regulate a multitude of genes involved in lipid homeostasis. Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) are PPAR ligands and fatty acids are produced via TGH activity, so we studied whether(More)
Lipid droplets are universal intracellular organelles composed of a triglyceride, cholesteryl ester and retinyl ester core, surrounded by a monolayer of phospholipids and free (unesterified) cholesterol and lipid droplet-associated proteins. Core lipids are hydrolyzed by lipases to provide fatty acids, cholesterol and retinol for various cellular functions.(More)