Richard L. Vincent

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The objective of this research was to study the factors that relate to the effectiveness of upper-room ultraviolet germicidal irradiation for inactivating airborne microorganisms. The work was conducted in a room-sized chamber designed and furnished for investigations of this nature. Nebulized Serratia marcescens, Bacillus subtilis spores, and vaccinia(More)
OBJECTIVES We evaluated the safety of room occupants in the Tuberculosis Ultraviolet Shelter Study (TUSS), a double-blind, placebo-controlled field trial of upper-room ultraviolet germicidal irradiation (UVGI) at 14 homeless shelters in six U.S. cities from 1997 to 2004. METHODS Data collection involved administering questionnaires regarding eye and skin(More)
We conducted a retrospective study to examine trends in latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) and TB disease rates among homeless persons in shelters in New York, NY, 1992-2006. Although TB case rates fell from 1,502/100,000 population to 0, a 31% LTBI rate in 2006 shows the value of identifying and treating TB in the homeless.
Bioterrorism is an area of increasing public health concern. The intent of this article is to review the air cleansing technologies available to protect building occupants from the intentional release of bioterror agents into congregate spaces (such as offices, schools, auditoriums, and transportation centers), as well as through outside air intakes and by(More)
This study proposes a numerical modeling method for the indoor environment with ceiling fans and upper-room ultraviolet germicidal irradiation (UR-UVGI) fixtures. The numerical modeling deployed steady-state Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) with a rotating reference frame to simulate the rotation of fan blades. CFD was validated with experimental data of(More)
To the Editor: We report rates of influenzalike illness (ILI) and influenza vaccination among homeless persons at 3 shelter clinics in New York City examined from 1997 through 2004. Little is understood regarding the prevalence and transmission of influenza among the homeless (1). Further inquiry on this topic is timely because of concern over a possible(More)
Upper-room ultraviolet germicidal irradiation (UVGI) has several applications, its most important use is to reduce tuberculosis transmission in high-burden, resource-limited settings, especially those dealing with epidemics of drug-resistant disease. The efficacy of upper-room (UVGI) to reduce the transmission of airborne infection in real-world settings is(More)
Ultraviolet germicidal irradiation (UVGI), 254 nm UV-C, is increasingly used as an infection control strategy to reduce the spread of airborne pathogens such as tuberculosis (TB), influenza viruses, and measles. With the appearance of multidrug-resistant TB and emerging infectious disease such as severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and H1N1 influenza(More)
Concerns about the safety of Ultraviolet Germicidal Irradiation (UVGI) applications on human beings have been an issue at least since the introduction of this technology for practical use in the 1930s. The resurgence of tuberculosis (TB) in the United States in the mid-1980s led to a revival of interest in UV technology, a focus that had almost disappeared(More)