Richard L Stern

Learn More
Anakinra (Amgen, Inc.) is a specific receptor antagonist of IL-1 that differs from naturally occurring IL-1 receptor antagonist by the presence of a methionine group. Anakinra has been shown to be of benefit in patients with active rheumatoid arthritis, either when given alone or in combination with methotrexate, as assessed by improvement in clinical signs(More)
The treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) has changed dramatically over the past 15 years with the realisation that earlier, aggressive therapy limits progression. There is evidence that biological response modifiers (BRMs), which target specific cytokines such as TNF-alpha and IL-1, are more effective than traditional disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs(More)
Tacrolimus is an immunosuppressive drug that has been used widely in organ transplantation and topically for atopic dermatitis. Tacrolimus exerts its immunosuppressive effects by the inhibition of calcineurin, leading to interference with T-cell activation. As T-cell activation plays a major role in the pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis, there has been(More)
Recent advances in the understanding of the pathophysiology, aggressive treatment, and early detection of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) have changed the clinical, pathologic, and functional outcomes in patients with RA. Early aggressive treatment of RA has now become the norm in clinical practice rather than the use of the traditional pyramid approach of the(More)
  • 1