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The syntrophins are a family of structurally related proteins that contain multiple protein interaction motifs. Syntrophins associate directly with dystrophin, the product of the Duchenne muscular dystrophy locus, and its homologues. We have generated alpha-syntrophin null mice by targeted gene disruption to test the function of this association. The(More)
Formation of the synaptic basal lamina at vertebrate neuromuscular junction involves the accumulation of numerous specialized extracellular matrix molecules including a specific form of acetylcholinesterase (AChE), the collagenic-tailed form. The mechanisms responsible for its localization at sites of nerve- muscle contact are not well understood. To(More)
The collagen-tailed form of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) is concentrated at the vertebrate neuromuscular junction (NMJ), where it is responsible for rapidly terminating neurotransmission. This unique oligomeric form of AChE, consisting of three tetramers covalently attached to a collagen-like tail, is more highly expressed in innervated regions of skeletal(More)
Asymmetric forms of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) are thought to be the predominant forms of this enzyme at vertebrate neuromuscular junctions where they attach to the synaptic basal lamina via a collagen-like tail. High salt and heparin-containing buffers are capable of solubilizing asymmetric AChE molecules from skeletal muscle; however, detachment of AChE(More)
Acetylcholinesterase (AChE) was the first identified synaptic component, characterized by its catalytic affinity for choline esters, and for a long time provided the conceptual scaffold for studies of the neuromuscular junction (NMJ). AChE was the first protein localized to the NMJ, in the 1930s, and its local expression shown to be regulated by the(More)
The highly organized pattern of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) molecules attached to the basal lamina of the neuromuscular junction (NMJ) suggests the existence of specific binding sites for their precise localization. To test this hypothesis we immunoaffinity purified quail globular and collagen-tailed AChE forms and determined their ability to attach to frog(More)
Heparin is capable of solubilizing a subset of collagen-tailed (A12) acetylcholinesterase (AChE) molecules from skeletal basal lamina (Rossi, S. G., and Rotundo, R. L. (1993) J. Biol. Chem. 268, 19152-19159). In the present study, we used tissue-cultured quail myotubes to show that, like adult fibers, neither heparin- nor high salt-containing buffers(More)
The dystrophin-associated protein (DAP) complex spans the sarcolemmal membrane linking the cytoskeleton to the basement membrane surrounding each myofiber. Defects in the DAP complex have been linked previously to a variety of muscular dystrophies. Other evidence points to a role for the DAP complex in formation of nerve-muscle synapses. We show that(More)
Acetylcholinesterase (AChE) is concentrated at the vertebrate neuromuscular synapse. To determine whether increased transcript levels could underlie this selective accumulation, we employed a quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction-based assay to determine mRNA copy number in samples as small as single neuromuscular junctions (NMJs) and(More)
Multinucleated skeletal muscle fibers are compartmentalized with respect to the expression and organization of several intracellular and cell surface proteins including acetylcholinesterase (AChE). Mosaic muscle fibers formed from homozygous myoblasts expressing two allelic variants of AChE preferentially translate and assemble the polypeptides in the(More)