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This study was designed to assess the effects of moderate- and high-volume aerobic training on the time domain and on spectral and fractal heart rate (HR) variability indexes. Sedentary subjects were randomized into groups with moderate-volume training (n = 20), high-volume training (n = 20), and controls (n = 15). The training period was 8 wk, including 6(More)
The adaptive responses of the cardiovascular system to regular physical activity appear to include a reduction in sympathetic (SNS) activity and an increase in parasympathetic (PNS) activity during rest and at different absolute intensities of exercise. In a cross-sectional design, trained individuals who exercised at least 5 days/week for 45 min/day or(More)
It has been shown that fluctuation of human heartbeat intervals (heart rate variability, HRV) reflects variations in autonomic nervous system activity. We studied HRV at simulated altitudes of over 6000 m from Holter electrocardiograms recorded during the Operation Everest II study (Houston et al. 1987). Stationary, approximately 30-min segments of HRV data(More)
Reductions in end-tidal Pco(2) (Pet(CO(2))) during upright posture have been suggested to be the result of hyperventilation and the cause of decreases in cerebral blood flow (CBF). The goal of this study was to determine whether decreases in Pet(CO(2)) reflected decreases in arterial Pco(2) (Pa(CO(2))) and their relation to increases in alveolar ventilation(More)
Ramp work rate tests have been used to estimate aerobic parameters in exercise stress testing. Previous studies have suggested an assumption of a linear dynamic system for O2 uptake kinetics. The implication is that model parameters estimated from ramp tests should be similar to those estimated from other dynamic tests. In nine healthy subjects, we found(More)
Pseudorandom binary sequence (PRBS) exercise tests involve repeated switching between two work rates (WR) according to a computer-generated pattern. This paper presents an approach to analysis of O2 uptake (VO2) in the time domain. First, the autocorrelation function (ACF) of the input WR was recognized to be a triangular-shaped pulse that can be taken to(More)
We tested the validity of the Hexoskin wearable vest to monitor heart rate (HR), breathing rate (BR), tidal volume (VT), minute ventilation, and hip motion intensity (HMI) in comparison with laboratory standard devices during lying, sitting, standing, and walking. Twenty healthy young volunteers participated in this study. First, participants walked 6 min(More)
The power-endurance time curve described for cycle ergometry has been examined with respect to high velocity treadmill running to exhaustion. On a cycle ergometer, a hyperbolic function has been described that can be linearized by expressing power relative to the inverse of time to exhaustion. The mathematical relationship of this linear function is P =(More)
O2 uptake (VO2) kinetics and electromyographic (EMG) activity from the vastus medialis, rectus femoris, biceps femoris, and medial gastrocnemius muscles were studied during constant-load concentric and eccentric cycling. Six healthy men performed transitions from baseline to high-intensity eccentric (HE) exercise and to high-intensity (HC),(More)
Owing to the recent interest in torso stabilization exercises together with many questions regarding the duration of prolonged isometric holds in occupational settings, the authors attempted to assess the level of back muscle oxygenation during prolonged isometric contractions. Specifically, this study recorded relative oxygen saturation of(More)