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We tested the validity of the Hexoskin wearable vest to monitor heart rate (HR), breathing rate (BR), tidal volume (VT), minute ventilation, and hip motion intensity (HMI) in comparison with laboratory standard devices during lying, sitting, standing, and walking. Twenty healthy young volunteers participated in this study. First, participants walked 6 min(More)
It has been shown that fluctuation of human heartbeat intervals (heart rate variability, HRV) reflects variations in autonomic nervous system activity. We studied HRV at simulated altitudes of over 6000 m from Holter electrocardiograms recorded during the Operation Everest II study (Houston et al. 1987). Stationary, approximately 30-min segments of HRV data(More)
The goal of our study was to determine whether evidence for chaos in heart rate variability (HRV) can be observed when the respiratory input to the autonomic controller of heart rate is forced by the deterministic pattern associated with periodic breathing. We simultaneously recorded, in supine healthy volunteers, RR intervals and breathing volumes for 20(More)
The objective of this study was to test the hypothesis that the effect of a high-fat meal (HFm) on plasma lipid-soluble antioxidants and biomarkers of vascular oxidative stress and inflammation would be attenuated by short-term lycopene supplementation in young healthy subjects. Following restriction of lycopene-containing foods for 1-wk (LYr), blood was(More)
Acute systemic thermal therapy can improve arterial stiffness in both animals and humans. We examined and compared the effects of acute local thermal therapy (footbath) on an indicator of human arterial stiffness, cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI), in 16 healthy young (29.4 ± 0.4 years) and 16 older (59.8 ± 1.7 years) women. Measurements were made at(More)
The objective of this study was to assess the effectiveness of graduated compression socks (GCS) on enhancing muscle blood flow and oxygenation during exercise and recovery in healthy subjects. Twelve healthy volunteers completed a protocol involving baseline, exercise, and recovery periods with and without GCS. Each test was repeated twice to assess(More)
Cardiovascular monitoring is important to prevent diseases from progressing. The jugular venous pulse (JVP) waveform offers important clinical information about cardiac health, but is not routinely examined due to its invasive catheterisation procedure. Here, we demonstrate for the first time that the JVP can be consistently observed in a non-contact manner(More)
Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death globally. Cardiovascular monitoring is important to prevent diseases from progressing. The jugular venous pressure waveform (JVP) is able to provide important information about cardiac health. Factors such as mechanical deformations, electric abnormalities, and irregular external forces change the(More)
The kinetic responses of oxygen uptake (VO₂) and cardiac output (Q) describe the rate at which these physiological variables approach the required steady state value with work rate transitions. In this issue of the Journal, Adami and colleagues examined the kinetic responses during the transition to severe intensity exercise (metabolic demands exceeding(More)
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