Learn More
We compared two methods of assessment of baroreflex sensitivity in eight supine healthy volunteers during repeated baseline measurements and various conditions of cardiac autonomic blockade. The spontaneous baroreflex method involved computer scanning of recordings of continuous finger arterial pressure and electrocardiogram to locate sequences of three or(More)
tk;1Passive head-up tilt and exercise result in specific changes in the spectral characteristics of heart rate (HR) variability as a result of reduced vagal and enhanced sympathetic outflow. Recently analytic methods based on nonlinear system theory have been developed to characterize the nonlinear features in HR dynamics. This study was designed to assess(More)
Heart rate variability (HRV) spectra are typically analyzed for the components related to low- (less than 0.15 Hz) and high- (greater than 0.15 Hz) frequency variations. However, there are very-low-frequency components with periods up to hours in HRV signals, which might smear short-term spectra. We developed a method of spectral analysis suitable for(More)
The anaerobic threshold has generally been determined by simple visual inspection of ventilation or other gas-exchange data obtained during incremental exercise. To establish objective criteria for the determination of anaerobic threshold, a computer algorithm has been developed that models the ventilatory response to exercise using multisegment linear(More)
The adaptive responses of the cardiovascular system to regular physical activity appear to include a reduction in sympathetic (SNS) activity and an increase in parasympathetic (PNS) activity during rest and at different absolute intensities of exercise. In a cross-sectional design, trained individuals who exercised at least 5 days/week for 45 min/day or(More)
We tested the hypothesis that flow-mediated dilation (FMD) of the brachial artery would be impaired by acute increases in sympathetic nervous system activity (SNA) in models where similar peak shear stress stimulus was achieved by varying the duration of forearm muscle ischemia. Eleven healthy young men were studied under four different conditions, each(More)
Heart rate variability (HRV) spectral analysis has been used as a tool for short-term assessment of parasympathetic (PNS) and sympathetic nervous system (SNS) control of heart rate. However, it has been suggested that the PNS and SNS indicators are superimposed on a broad-band noise spectrum in which the power spectral densities are inversely proportional(More)
We examined the hypothesis that O2 uptake (VO2) would change more rapidly at the onset of step work rate transitions in exercise with hyperoxic gas breathing and after prior high-intensity exercise. The kinetics of VO2 were determined from the mean response time (MRT; time to 63% of total change in VO2) and calculations of O2 deficit and slow component(More)
Spectral analysis of heart rate variability (HRV) might provide an index of relative sympathetic (SNS) and parasympathetic nervous system (PNS) activity during exercise. Eight subjects completed six 17-min submaximal exercise tests and one resting measurement in the upright sitting position. During submaximal tests, work rate (WR) was increased for the(More)
The contributions of acetylcholine and/or nitric oxide (NO) to the rapid changes in human forearm blood flow (FBF) at the onset and recovery from mild exercise were studied in eight subjects. Rhythmic handgrip contractions were performed during brachial artery infusions of saline (2 ml/min; control), atropine (0.2 mg over 3 min), to block acetylcholine(More)