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This study assessed the exercise tolerance and the cardiorespiratory responses to a training program by the six-minute walk test (6'WT) in children with congenital heart disease (CHD). Seventeen cardiac and 14 healthy children performed maximal cardiopulmonary exercise test (CPET) and 6'WT. Reliability of 6'WT was assessed in all subjects (test-retest) by(More)
BACKGROUND Approximately 10% of patients hospitalized with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) are bacteremic. Bacteremic Streptococcus pneumoniae pneumonia (BSPP) is the number one cause of mortality, representing up to 70% of all CAP deaths. In fact, all CAP guidelines have identified this issue as one of the most important issues when establishing their(More)
This study investigated performance, muscle oxygen saturation (StO2), and blood volume (BV) in patients with congenital heart diseases (CHD) and healthy children during and following sustained exercise. Maximal volunteered contraction (MVC) and endurance at 50 % of MVC (time to exhaustion, Tlim) of the knee extensor were measured in nine patients with CHD(More)
We examined the long-term recidivism rates of 197 child molesters released from prison between 1958 and 1974. Overall, 42% of the total sample were reconvicted for sexual crimes, violent crimes, or both, with 10% of the total sample reconvicted 10-31 years after being released. Incest offenders were reconvicted at a slower rate than were offenders who(More)
A cost-minimization analysis was performed on a telehomecare program for patients with a chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The research was quasi-experimental and included a control group. We compared the effects and costs of care provided to a group of 19 patients under a telehomecare program to a comparable group of 10 patients receiving(More)
Over the course of a 20-month period, in a hospital respiratory ward in which ciprofloxacin was often used as empirical antimicrobial therapy for lower respiratory tract infections (LRTIs), 16 patients with chronic bronchitis developed nosocomial LRTIs caused by penicillin- and ciprofloxacin-resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae (serotype 23 F). The minimum(More)
We performed randomized, double-blind, controlled trials to assess the safety and immunogenicity of an inactivated, Madin Darby Canine Kidney (MDCK)-derived cell line produced influenza vaccine in healthy adults (19-50 years), children (3-12 years) and the elderly (> or =65 years). We studied three lots of cell culture-derived vaccine and one lot of(More)
The upper airways may contribute to increases in airway resistance in response to a bronchial challenge, and thus decrease the specificity of such challenge tests to diagnose airway hyperresponsiveness when forced oscillation techniques are used to evaluate changes in respiratory system resistance (Rrs). A concomitent decrease in respiratory system(More)
The aim of this study was twofold: first, to determine the breathing strategies of children with cystic fibrosis (CF) during exercise, and secondly, to see if there was a correlation with lung function parameters. We determined the tension-time index of the inspiratory muscles (T(T0.1)) during exercise in nine children with CF, who were compared with nine(More)