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A nuclear magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) method is presented for quantitatively mapping the physical response of a material to harmonic mechanical excitation. The resulting images allow calculation of regional mechanical properties. Measurements of shear modulus obtained with the MRI technique in gel materials correlate with independent measurements of(More)
Respiratory motion is a major limiting factor in improving image resolution and signal-to-noise ratio in MR coronary imaging. In this work the effects of respiration on the cardiac position were studied quantitively by imaging the heart during diastole at various positions of tidal respiration with a breath-hold segmented fast gradient echo technique. It(More)
An important part of thermal ablation therapy is the assessment of the spatial extent of tissue coagulation. In this work, the mechanical properties of thermally-ablated tissue were quantitatively evaluated using magnetic resonance elastography (MRE). This study shows that the mechanical properties of focused ultrasound ablated tissue are significantly(More)
The purpose of this study was to obtain normative data using magnetic resonance elastography (MRE) (a) to obtain estimates of the shear modulus of human cerebral tissue in vivo and (b) to assess a possible age dependence of the shear modulus of cerebral tissue in healthy adult volunteers. MR elastography studies were performed on tissue-simulating gelatin(More)
Noninvasive quantitation of the mechanical properties of tissue could improve early detection of pathology. Previously a method for detecting displacement from propagating shear waves using a phase-contrast MRI technique was developed. In this work it is demonstrated how a collection of data representing the full vector displacement field could be used to(More)
PURPOSE To describe a clinically useful application of functional magnetic resonance (MR) imaging--presurgical mapping of the sensory motor cortex--and to validate the results with established physiologic techniques. MATERIALS AND METHODS Functional MR mapping of the sensory motor cortex was performed in two women, aged 24 and 38 years. Both had(More)
An adaptive technique for measuring and correcting the effects of patient motion during magnetic resonance image acquisition was developed and tested. A set of algorithms that can reverse the effects of object displacements and phase shifts was used. These algorithms essentially transfer the frame of reference of the image reconstruction from the static(More)
Despite the fact that respiratory motion is a major factor limiting the image quality of MR examinations in the upper abdomen, little quantitative information is available about the kinematics of visceral motion during respiration. The objective of this study was to obtain a measure of the relative longitudinal and transverse displacements of the upper(More)
A technique is described that provides improved reproducibility of breath-holding for MR image acquisition by monitoring the superior-inferior (S/I) position of the diaphragm. The method incorporates detection of the level of inspiration using an MR signal, rapid display to the patient of diaphragm position to enable breath-hold adjustment, and triggering(More)
A technique for automatic retrospective correction of motion artifacts on magnetic resonance (MR) images was developed that uses only the raw (complex) data from the MR imager and requires no knowledge of patient motion during the acquisition. The algorithm was tested on coronal images of the rotator cuff in a series of 144 patients, and the improvements in(More)