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BACKGROUND A novel omega-3 formulation in free fatty acid form (OM3-FFA) has as much as 4-fold greater bioavailability than ethyl ester forms and reduces triglyceride (TG) levels in patients with severe hypertriglyceridemia. OBJECTIVE This study was designed to evaluate the efficacy of adding OM3-FFA (2 or 4 g/d) to statin therapy for lowering non-HDL-C(More)
Patients with coronary heart disease or equivalent risk received a single dose of 30, 100, 300, or 500 mg of unformulated D-4F (n = 8, each dose) or placebo (n = 8) under fasting conditions. An additional 10 patients received 500 mg (n = 8) or placebo (n = 2) with a low-fat meal. There were no significant trends in any safety parameter. D-4F was detectable(More)
BACKGROUND The intraindividual variability of C-reactive protein (CRP) remains uncertain. Although guidelines suggest stability of serial CRP values comparable to that of cholesterol measures, several studies indicate greater fluctuations of CRP. We sought to compare the intraindividual variability of CRP with that of cholesterol measures using the(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE To characterize the effects of two doses (10 and 60 mg) of lomitapide—a microsomal triglyceride transfer protein inhibitor approved as adjunct treatment to lower low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels in patients with homozygous familial hypercholesterolemia—on the pharmacokinetics of several lipid-lowering therapies: atorvastatin,(More)
BACKGROUND Current cardiovascular risk assessment guidelines incorporate judicious use of C-reactive protein (CRP), carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT), and coronary artery calcium (CAC) in selected populations and describe threshold levels for higher and lower cardiovascular risk for each of the three risk refinement tests. However, the effect of these(More)
Nicotinic acid (niacin) induces beneficial changes in serum lipoproteins and has been associated with beneficial cardiovascular effects. Niacin reduces low-density lipoprotein, increases high-density lipoprotein, and decreases triglycerides. It is well established that activation of the seven-transmembrane G(i)-coupled receptor GPR109A on Langerhans cells(More)
The use of niacin to improve plasma lipid levels and reduce risk of myocardial infarction is limited by noxious skin effects that result from stimulation of G protein-coupled receptor 109A (GPR109A) in skin immune cells. Niacin causes vasodilation, manifest as rubor (redness) of the head and neck, providing a visible sign associated with other, more(More)
OBJECTIVE Postprandial triglyceridemia predicts cardiovascular events. Niacin might lower postprandial triglycerides by restricting free fatty acids. Immediate-release niacin reduced postprandial triglycerides, but extended-release niacin failed to do so when dosed the night before a fat challenge. The study aims were to determine whether extended-release(More)
BACKGROUND Individuals treated with the cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) inhibitor anacetrapib exhibit a reduction in both LDL cholesterol and apolipoprotein B (ApoB) in response to monotherapy or combination therapy with a statin. It is not clear how anacetrapib exerts these effects; therefore, the goal of this study was to determine the kinetic(More)
Recent trials demonstrated substantial improvement in lipid parameters with inhibition of proprotein convertase subtilisin-like/kexin type 9 (PCSK9). Although statins and fibrates have been reported to increase plasma PCSK9 levels, the effect of niacin on PCSK9 is unknown. We investigated the impact of niacin, atorvastatin, and fenofibrate on PCSK9 levels(More)