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PURPOSE We identified clinical, treatment and dosimetric parameters associated with the development of urethral strictures following permanent prostate brachytherapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS From April 1995 through April 2003, 1,186 consecutive patients underwent prostate brachytherapy for clinical stage T1b-T3a NxM0 (2002 American Joint Committee on(More)
We have developed a procedure that is particularly useful for (1) paralytic or senile upper and lower eyelid laxity, (2) lateral canthal tendon laxity or malposition, and (3) iatrogenic phimosis associated with recurrent entropion or ectropion after traditional lid-shortening procedures. Lateral canthal tendon laxity or elongation is the primary problem in(More)
An insulin-modified frequently sampled intravenous glucose tolerance test (FSIGTT) with minimal model analysis was compared with the glucose clamp in 11 subjects with normal glucose tolerance (NGT), 20 with impaired glucose tolerance (IGT), and 24 with non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM). The insulin sensitivity index (SI) was calculated from(More)
To assess longstanding alterations in human muscle innervation induced by botulinum toxin, we studied motor axons in the orbicularis oculi of nine patients previously injected with botulinum toxin for treatment of benign essential blepharospasm (BEB). Compared with untreated BEB and normal orbicularis oculi, muscle exposed to botulinum toxin developed(More)
Both abnormal insulin levels and low insulin sensitivity have been implicated as risk factors for Type II diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular disease. While insulin level is relatively simple to assess, direct measurement of insulin sensitivity is much more invasive, costly, and time-consuming. The authors considered eight previously described measures or(More)
The lateral tarsal strip procedure was originally designed for the treatment of upper and lower eyelid laxity, or lateral canthal tendon laxity or malposition. Despite the excellent results with a standard tarsal strip procedure for those eyelids with laxity and excess skin, we have encountered a number of patients with lower eyelid or canthal malpositions(More)
Fifty-two patients with complicated lacrimal problems were treated with silicone stents. Our overall success rate, judging from a minimum 6-month follow-up, was 40% in these complicated cases, accepting only positive dye tests as our criteria for success. We divided these cases into six groups with successes ranging from 0--68%. Twenty-nine percent of(More)
A rigid endoscope was used to directly examine, measure, and photograph the intranasal ostium created by an external dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR). This technique was used to examine 19 patients who underwent 22 standard external DCRs. All patients had clinically successful results, documented by a positive Jone I dye test following surgery. The dimension of(More)