Richard Kuras

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Chlamydomonas reinhardtii is a unicellular green alga whose lineage diverged from land plants over 1 billion years ago. It is a model system for studying chloroplast-based photosynthesis, as well as the structure, assembly, and function of eukaryotic flagella (cilia), which were inherited from the common ancestor of plants and animals, but lost in land(More)
We have characterized the biochemical nature and the function of PsbZ, the protein product of a ubiquitous open reading frame, which is known as ycf9 in Chlamydomonas and ORF 62 in tobacco, that is present in chloroplast and cyanobacterial genomes. After raising specific antibodies to PsbZ from Chlamydomonas and tobacco, we demonstrated that it is a bona(More)
As an approach to the study of the biogenesis of the cytochrome b6/f complex, we characterized the behaviour of its constitutive subunits in mutant strains of Chlamydomonas reinhardtii bearing well-defined mutations. To this end, we have constructed three deletion mutant strains, each lacking one of the major chloroplast pet genes: the delta petA, delta(More)
A process that we refer to as control by epistasy of synthesis (CES process) occurs during chloroplast protein biogenesis in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii: the synthesis of some chloroplast-encoded subunits, the CES subunits, is strongly attenuated when some other subunits from the same complex, the dominant subunits, are missing. Herein we investigate the(More)
Chloroplasts contain up to two c-type cytochromes, membrane-anchored cytochrome f and soluble cytochrome c6. To elucidate the post-translational events required for their assembly, acetate-requiring mutants of Chlamydomonas reinhardtii that have combined deficiencies in both plastid-encoded cytochrome f and nucleus-encoded cytochrome c6 have been identified(More)
Structures of mitochondrial ubihydroquinone:cytochrome c oxidoreductase (bc(1) complex) from several animal sources have provided a basis for understanding the functional mechanism at the molecular level. Using structures of the chicken complex with and without inhibitors, we analyze the effects of mutation on quinol oxidation at the Q(o) site of the(More)
A salient feature of organelle gene expression is the requirement for nucleus-encoded factors that act posttranscriptionally in a gene-specific manner. A central issue is to understand whether these factors are merely constitutive or have a regulatory function. In the unicellular alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii, expression of the chloroplast petA(More)
In the Rieske iron-sulfur protein (ISP) of the ubiquinol:cytochrome c(2) oxidoreductase (bc(1) complex) of Rhodobacter sphaeroides, residue Tyr 156 is located close to the iron-sulfur cluster. Previous studies of the equivalent residue in both Saccharomyces cerevisiae [Denke, E., Merbitz-Zahradnik, T., Hatzfeld, O. M., Snyder, C. H., Link, T. A., and(More)
In a previous study [Bulté, L. & Wollman, F.-A. (1992) Eur. J. Biochem. 204, 327-336], we identified a novel gamete-specific polypeptide of Chlamydomonas reinhardtii, M alpha. This 66-kDa polypeptide reacts with antibodies to cytochrome f and accumulates in gametes only in conditions that promote destabilisation of the cytochrome b6/f complex. Here, we show(More)
We introduced a stop codon in place of the ATT codon encoding Ile283 (numbered from the Met initiation codon) in the petA gene from Chlamydomonas reinhardtii. The resulting protein was expected to be truncated on its carboxy-terminus end, lacking the last 35 amino acids. This region of the polypeptide sequence encompasses a hydrophobic stretch assumed to(More)