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The effects of systemic recombinant human interleukin-2 (rIL-2) infusion on cerebrovascular permeability to an endogenous circulating macromolecule, immunoglobulin G (IgG), were assessed in rats after single and multiple rIL-2 infusions. Ultrastructural detail of the cerebral vasculature and the related brain parenchyma was also examined for rIL-2-related(More)
A single gene defect of the circadian clock (tau mutation) has recently been described that results in a shortening of the circadian activity cycle of the Syrian hamster. In the homozygous animal, free running activity is shortened by 4 h, resulting in a circadian period of approximately 20 h. Here, we examine the effect of the tau mutation on noncircadian(More)
The rapidly reversible increase in cortical or midbrain tryptophan hydroxylase activity observed ex vivo after exposure of rats to 1-h sound stress was blocked by hypophysectomy, but not sham hypophysectomy, and restored by dexamethasone administration to the hypophysectomized animals (500 micrograms/day i.p. for 3 days). The response to sound stress was(More)
Reproductive aging in female rats is associated with attenuated preovulatory LH surges. In this study, detailed analyses of the episodic characteristics of the proestrous LH surge were conducted in young and middle-aged regularly cyclic rats. On proestrus, blood samples were withdrawn at 3-min intervals for 6 h and analyzed for LH concentrations by RIA in(More)
We have found previously that rat diaphyseal bone in vivo, as well as rat embryo calvaria cells in culture, show a sex-specific response to gonadal steroids in stimulation of creatine kinase (CK)-specific activity, and the rate of [3H]thymidine incorporation into DNA; male-derived cells responded only to testosterone or to dihydrotestosterone (DHT), whereas(More)
Glomerulosclerosis and tubulointerstitial injury are characteristic features seen in the subtotal (5/6) nephrectomy remnant kidney model in the rat. Oxidative stress from renal mass reduction contributes to the glomerular and tubular injury. Previous studies have clearly demonstrated the prevention or inhibition of such injury by an antioxidant such as(More)
The present study was designed to investigate the effect of intracerebroventricular infusion of norepinephrine (NE) on the secretion of luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LH-RH) into the hypophysial portal blood of steroid-primed ovariectomized rats. Saline infusion into the third ventricle caused no significant change in LH-RH levels. NE infusion (20(More)
A high fat meal, frequently known as western diet (WD), exacerbates atherosclerosis and diabetes. Both these diseases are frequently associated with renal failure. Recent studies have shown that lipopolysaccharide (LPS) leaks into the circulation from the intestine in the setting of renal failure and after WD. However, it is not clear how renal function and(More)
Vicinal amino alcohols of steroids have been used as starting materials for the synthesis of chiral ligands with defined arrangements of functional groups. Condensation of the four diastereomeric 16,17-steroid amino alcohols 1a-1d with aromatic o-hydroxy and heteroaromatic alpha-aldehydes afforded the Schiff bases 2-6. When the 16,17-substituted compounds(More)
We cross-correlate the optical catalogue of galaxies in the field of the Perseus cluster (Abell 426) with IRAS PSC sources. The optical catalogue comprises data on 660 galaxies brighter than B 25 ≈ 19.5 (Brunzendorf & Meusinger 1999). A sample of 19 IRAS galaxies is found. According to their red-shifts, 17 galaxies are likely members of the Perseus cluster,(More)