Richard K. Miller

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During implantation and subsequent placentation the human extravillous trophoblast (EVT) cells invade the endometrium and maternal vasculature within the uterus. The origin of the EVT and signals triggering its differentiation, migration and invasion are poorly understood. First and second trimester human chorionic villi explants were used as a source of(More)
Pharmacology and toxicology share a common interest in pharmacokinetic data, especially as it is available in pediatric populations. These data have been critical to the clinical pharmacologist for many years in designing age-specific dosing regimens. Now they are being used increasingly by toxicologists to understand the ontogeny of physiologic parameters(More)
OBJECTIVE To obtain data from a pilot randomized trial on the effect of metformin therapy and lifestyle modification on ovulation and androgen concentrations in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). DESIGN Prospective, randomized, placebo-controlled pilot trial. SETTING Academic medical center. PATIENT(S) Thirty-eight overweight or obese women(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether alterations in second-trimester maternal serum cytokine concentrations can identify women at risk for developing severe, early-onset preeclampsia. METHODS Patients with severe preeclampsia requiring delivery prior to 34 weeks (n = 20) were each matched by gestational age, gravidity, parity, and sample freezing time with(More)
Placental explant cultures in vitro are useful for studying tissue functions including cellular uptake, production and release of secretory components, cell interactions, proliferation, growth and differentiation, gene delivery, pharmacology, toxicology, and disease processes. A variety of culture conditions are required to mimic in utero environments at(More)
There is an increasing public awareness of the relatively new and expanded industrial barium uses which are potential sources of human exposure (e.g., a shale gas development that causes an increased awareness of environmental exposures to barium). However, absorption of barium in exposed humans and a full spectrum of its health effects, especially among(More)
Experiments described herein were designed to evaluate the performance characteristics of a flow cytometry-based system that scores the incidence of peripheral blood micronucleated reticulocytes (MN-RETs). These procedures represent the continued refinement of a previously reported anti-CD71-based method (Dertinger et al. [1996]: Mutat Res 371:283-292),(More)
BACKGROUND Although prescription drug use is common during pregnancy, the human teratogenic risks are undetermined for more than 90% of drug treatments approved in the USA during the past decades. A particular birth defect may have its origins through multiple mechanisms and possible exposures, including medications. A specific pathogenic process may result(More)
The effects of cadmium exposure (40 mumole CdCl2/kg, s.c.) on day 12 of gestation were evaluated in the Wistar rat. At 16-18 hours following such cadmium exposure, blood flow (as determined by radiolabeled microspheres) to the chorioallantoic placenta (CAP) was significantly reduced by 35%; at 24-26 hours, blood flow to the CAP had returned to control(More)