Learn More
The Iceland population of Anguilla eels contains an elevated frequency of fish with vertebral numbers lower than those typical of European localities. Several distinct hypotheses have been advanced to account for these morphologically atypical fish: for example, they could represent (1) genetically "pure" American expatriates, (2) genetically "pure"(More)
The relationship between individual energy budgets and multiple-locus heterozygosity at six polymorphic enzyme loci was examined in Mulinia lateralis. Energy budgets were determined by measuring growth rates, rates of oxygen consumption, ammonia excretion and clearance rates. Enzyme genotypes were determined using starch gel electrophoresis. Growth rate and(More)
The locus-specific effects of heterozygosity upon individual growth rate were determined for 15 polymorphic enzymes among 1906 individuals from a single cohort sample of the marine bivalve Mulinia lateralis. Two measures of individual growth rate (total wet weight and shell length) were made at collection and after a period of growth in the laboratory. The(More)
Populations of Fundulus heteroclitus, (Cyprinodontidae) a widespread coastal marine fish, were studied in control and artificially heated environments on the North Shore of Long Island, New York to determine (1) patterns of variation in biochemical phenotypes and (2) the extent to which this variation reflected adaptation to environmental characteristics.(More)
Allozyme surveys of marine invertebrates commonly report heterozygote deficiencies, a correlation between multiple locus heterozygosity and size, or both. Hypotheses advanced to account for these phenomena include inbreeding, null alleles, selection, spatial or temporal Wahlund effects, aneuploidy and molecular imprinting. Previous studies have been unable(More)
An extensive research program was undertaken to evaluate the contribution of genetic variation at the Lap locus to variation in physiological traits under natural conditions. Rates of carbon and nitrogen metabolism were monitored in a population of the mussel Mytilus edulis near the center of the Lap allele frequency cline on the north shore of Long Island.(More)
The product of the Lap locus in the marine bivalve Mytilus edulis is a neutral, membrane-associated aminopeptidase that is primarily localized on intestinal microvilli and in digestive cell lysosomes. Natural populations are genetically differentiated at the Lap locus between areas of differing salinity. A steep (0.55-0.15) allele frequency cline connects(More)
In the freshwater fish Catostomus clarkii, the frequency of alleles for polymorphic serum esterase varies with latitude. The activity of the allele more frequent in southern populations increases as temperature increases from 0 degrees to 37 degrees C, whereas activity of the allele more frequent in northern populations increases as temperature decreases.(More)