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Caenorhabditis elegans is a model organism in biology, yet despite the tremendous information generated from genetic, genomic and functional analyses, C. elegans has rarely been used to address questions in ecological genetics. Here, we analyse genetic variation for chemosensory behaviour, an ecologically important trait that is also genetically well(More)
Genomic structural alterations that vary within species, known as large copy number variants, represent an unanticipated and abundant source of genetic diversity that associates with variation in gene expression and susceptibility to disease. Even short insertions and deletions (indels) can exert important effects on genomes by locally increasing the(More)
BACKGROUND Transcription factors play a fundamental role in regulating physiological responses and developmental processes. Here we examine the evolution of the yeast transcription factors in the context of the structure of the gene regulatory network. RESULTS In contrast to previous results for the protein-protein interaction and metabolic networks, we(More)
Almost all organismal function is controlled by pathways composed of interacting genetic components. The relationship between pathway structure and the evolution of individual pathway components is not completely understood. For the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans, chemosensory pathways regulate critical aspects of an individual's life history and(More)
In stark contrast to the wealth of detail about C. elegans developmental biology and molecular genetics, biologists lack basic data for understanding the abundance and distribution of Caenorhabditis species in natural areas that are unperturbed by human influence. Here we report the analysis of dense sampling from a small, remote site in the Amazonian rain(More)
Genes do not act in isolation but perform their biological functions within genetic pathways that are connected in larger networks. Investigation of nucleotide variation within genetic pathways and networks has shown that topology can affect the rate of protein evolution; however, it remains unclear whether a same pattern of nucleotide variation is expected(More)
Whether phenotypic evolution proceeds predominantly through changes in regulatory sequences is a controversial issue in evolutionary genetics. Ample evidence indicates that the evolution of gene regulatory networks via changes in cis-regulatory sequences is an important determinant of phenotypic diversity. However, recent experimental work suggests that the(More)
The discovery that genetic pathways can be manipulated to extend lifespan has revolutionized our understanding of aging, yet their function within natural populations remains poorly characterized. In particular, evolutionary theories of aging predict tradeoffs in resource investment toward somatic maintenance vs. reproductive output that should impose(More)
Part of the challenge of the post-genomic world is to identify functional elements within the wide array of information generated by genome sequencing. Although cross-species comparisons and investigation of rates of sequence divergence are an efficient approach, the relationship between sequence divergence and functional conservation is not clear. Here, we(More)
Post-transcriptional gene regulation mediated by microRNAs (miRNAs) plays critical roles during development by modulating gene expression and conferring robustness to stochastic errors. Phylogenetic analyses suggest that miRNA acquisition could play a role in phenotypic innovation. Moreover, miRNA-induced regulation strongly impacts genome evolution,(More)