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INTRODUCTION Most data on de-escalation of empirical antimicrobial therapy has focused on ventilator-associated pneumonia. In this retrospective monocentric study, we evaluated de-escalation as part of a global strategy of empiric antibiotherapy management irrespective of the location and the severity of the infection. The goal of this trial was to assess(More)
  • Dr. Ph. Mahul, C. Auboyer, +6 authors O. Gaudin
  • 1992
Chronic microaspiration through a tracheal cuff is the main culprit in the penetration and colonization of the lower respiratory tract. A total of 145 patients intubated for more than 3 days were randomly assigned to a double nosocomial pneumonia (NP) prevention: 1-Prevention of aspiration by hourly subglottic secretion drainage (SSD) with a specific(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the respective contribution of endogenous and exogenous transmission of Pseudomonas aeruginosa in the colonization of lungs in the mechanically ventilated patient, to estimate the role of P. aeruginosa colonization in the occurrence of severe infections, and to extrapolate appropriate control measures for the prevention of P.(More)
A prospective study was undertaken to determine the source of Pseudomonas cepacia colonization and infection that had affected ventilated patients in an Intensive Care Unit (ICU) for three years. Thirty-eight patients undergoing mechanical ventilation were enrolled during a six-week period. Samples were taken from patients, ventilator circuits and the(More)
We calculated the incidence of nosocomial infection in 2 intensive care units (ICUs) on the basis of prevalence data recorded from 1997 through 2002 and compared these estimates to cumulative incidences measured in the 2 ICUs during the same period to investigate the feasibility and the reliability of converting prevalence data to incidence estimates.(More)
Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is a rescue therapy for patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). The aim of this study was to evaluate associations between ventilatory settings during ECMO for refractory hypoxemia and outcome in ARDS patients. In this individual patient data meta-analysis of observational studies in adult ARDS(More)
Irrigation of povidone iodine considered as a safe and effective procedure, is frequently used for deep infections. We report a case of intoxication by iodine in a man of 68-year-old after subcutaneous irrigations of Betadine at a concentration of 20% for a subcutaneous infection of the thigh. Abnormalities of cardiac conduction, lactic acidosis, acute(More)
Amebic liver abscess is the main complication of amebic dysentery. Recurrences after treatment and apparent healing are very uncommon. The purpose of this report is to describe the case of a patient with a very late relapse of an amebic liver abscess, 10 years after the first episode. This recurrence seems due to an incomplete initial treatment. This case(More)
We report the case of a 31-year-old pregnant patient in the 33rd week of gestation, with no history of dyslipidaemia, admitted for sub-acute epigastric pain. The milky aspect of blood samples was remarkable. Blood analysis showed a moderate increase in pancreatic enzymes but a major hyperlipaemia: triglyceridaemia 113 g/l and total cholesterolaemia 25 g/l.(More)