Richard Joffre

Learn More
Mediterranean trees must adjust their canopy leaf area to the unpredictable timing and severity of summer drought. The impact of increased drought on the canopy dynamics of the evergreen Quercus ilex was studied by measuring shoot growth, leaf production, litterfall, leafing phenology and leaf demography in a mature forest stand submitted to partial(More)
– Microbial biogeography is the study of the distribution of microbial diversity on large scales of space and time. This science aims at understanding biodiversity regulation and its link with ecosystem biological functioning, goods and services such as maintenance of productivity, of soil and atmospheric quality, and of soil health. Although the initial(More)
In all Mediterranean-type ecosystems, evergreen and deciduous trees differing in wood anatomy, growth pattern and leaf habit coexist, suggesting distinct adaptative responses to environmental constraints. This study examined the effects of summer water stress on carbon (C) storage and growth in seedlings of three coexisting Mediterranean trees that differed(More)
Fuel calorific value is an important parameter in fire behaviour. The objective of this study is to evaluate the potential of using near-infrared reflectance spectroscopy (NIRS) for determining the calorific value of fuel. Fifty samples of various fuel components from the Mediterranean forest (17.1–24.6 MJ⋅kg –1) were used to establish a calibration(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS The importance of superficial root mats inside the forest floor for the nutrition of Amazonian rain forests has been extensively investigated. The present study was aimed at assessing the function of a root mat adherent to decomposing organic material observed in Eucalyptus plantations. METHODS The development of the root mat was(More)
Morphological and ontogenetic variation in root system architecture holds ecological significance, particularly in low-resource habitats where soil rooting is critical for both seedling establishment and water and nutrient uptake. To assess this variation under contrasted agroecological backgrounds, root architecture and rooting patterns were compared in(More)
Understanding the factors underlying the distribution of biodiversity is a challenging issue in ecology. Here, we examined the distribution patterns of ectomycorrhizal fungal diversity across the soil profile in three Quercus ilex forests. Contact exploration type strongly dominated at all sites, but was most prevalent in the upper, organic-rich soil(More)
  • 1