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Early endocytic vesicles loaded with Texas Red asialoorosomucoid were prepared from mouse liver. These vesicles bound to microtubules in vitro, and upon ATP addition, they moved bidirectionally, frequently undergoing fission into two daughter vesicles. There was no effect of vanadate (inhibitor of dynein) on motility, whereas 5'-adenylylimido-diphosphate(More)
We developed and characterized a coculture system composed of a fat-storing cell clone (CFSC-2G) and freshly isolated hepatocytes that can reproduce in vitro some of the physical and functional relationships observed in vivo. Hepatocytes in the coculture are polarized, are smaller in size than hepatocytes plated on plastic, maintain a cuboidal shape, and(More)
As a putative mechanism of hepatitis B virus (HBV) uptake into hepatocytes the interaction between HBV and the hepatic, human-derived asialoglycoprotein receptor (ASGPR) was investigated. Sera from patients with different variations of hepatitis B surface antigen-(HBsAg) positive chronic hepatitis, HBV particles isolated from HBV carriers with high-titre(More)
Endocytic vesicles undergo fission to sort ligand from receptor. Using quantitative immunofluorescence and video imaging, we provide the first in vitro reconstitution of receptor-ligand sorting in early endocytic vesicles derived from rat liver. We show that to undergo fission, presegregation vesicles must bind to microtubules (MTs) and move upon addition(More)
The physiological mechanism of clearance of the mononuclear phagocyte growth factor, colony-stimulating factor 1 (CSF-1), from the circulation of normal mice was investigated by following the fate of a trace amount of i.v. injected 125I-labeled CSF-1. Macrophages selectively cleared CSF-1 by CSF-1 receptor-mediated endocytosis and degraded the growth factor(More)
In a recent study (Goltz, J.S., Wolkoff, A.W., Novikoff, P.M., Stockert, R.J., and Satir, P. (1992) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 89, 7026-7030), we found that ligand- and receptor-containing endocytic vesicles bind to endogenous microtubules in vitro after 60 min of receptor-mediated endocytosis of asialo-orosomucoid. In the presence of ATP,(More)
In this study we have investigated whether cytokines, critical mediators of the immune response, might have a direct effect on the expression and/or function of the human hepatic asialoglycoprotein receptor (ASGPR). Binding and uptake of asialoglycoproteins by the human hepatoma cell line, HepG2, and by freshly isolated rat hepatocytes were inhibited by 50%(More)
Transport of macromolecules into the cell by receptor-mediated endocytosis follows a complex series of intracellular transfers, passing through distinct environments. The asialoglycoprotein receptor is a prototype of the class of receptors that constitutively enters cells via coated pits and delivers ligand to these intracellular compartments. In addition(More)
Desialylated glycoproteins were covalently linked to two cytochemically detectable enzymes, horseradish peroxidase or tyrosinase, and injected intravenously in amounts of approximately 0.5 per cent of total plasma glycoproteins into rats. Comparative studies of the rates of disappearance and distribution of free enzyme and conjugates established that(More)