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A wide range of peptides and polypeptides can be appended to either the N- or C-terminus of G protein-coupled receptors without disrupting substantially ligand binding and signal transduction. Following fusion of fluorescent proteins, reporter gene constructs or G protein alpha subunits to the C-terminal tail of a receptor high content and G protein(More)
Little is known of the effects of aluminium (Al) on invertebrate immunity despite the ubiquitous nature of the metal and its toxicity to aquatic organisms. Here we examine the effect of Al at neutral pH on the immune system of the freshwater crayfish Pacifasticus leniusculus. Heat-killed bacteria were injected at intervals into the haemolymph of crayfish(More)
Agonist-induced internalization was observed for both inducible and constitutively expressed forms of the cannabinoid CB(1) receptor. These were also internalized by the peptide orexin A, which has no direct affinity for the cannabinoid CB(1) receptor, but only when the orexin OX(1) receptor was co-expressed along with the cannabinoid CB(1) receptor. This(More)
The CXC chemokine receptor 2 (CXCR2) on neutrophils, which recognizes chemokines produced at the site of infection, plays an important role in antimicrobial host defenses such as neutrophil activation and chemotaxis. Staphylococcus aureus is a successful human pathogen secreting a number of proteolytic enzymes, but their influence on the host immune system(More)
Clones corresponding to ovine stearoyl-CoA desaturase (SCD) cDNA were isolated from an adipose tissue cDNA library. All of these clones represented a single mRNA species as judged by restriction fragment and DNA sequence analysis. RNase protection analysis demonstrated that this SCD transcript is highly expressed in adipose tissue and liver, and in the(More)
An extracellular α-glucosidase produced by Aspergillus niveus was purified using DEAE-Fractogel ion-exchange chromatography and Sephacryl S-200 gel filtration. The purified protein migrated as a single band in 5% PAGE and 10% SDS–PAGE. The enzyme presented 29% of glycosylation, an isoelectric point of 6.8 and a molecular weight of 56 and 52 kDa as estimated(More)
Fusion constructs between G-protein-coupled receptors and G-protein alpha-subunits have been used to examine a variety of aspects of the functioning of these signaling systems. Here we describe some of the various techniques and methods used in detail. The process of fusing the two components, the receptor and the G-protein alpha-subunit, result in a(More)
Phospholipases A2 (PLA2) are widely distributed in nature and are well characterized proteins with respect to their catalytic and pharmacological activities. A wealth of structural information has recently become available both from X-ray diffraction and NMR studies, and although a detailed model of the catalytic mechanism of PLA2 has been proposed, the(More)
The Human Secreted Group IID Phospholipase A(2) (hsPLA2GIID) may be involved in the human acute immune response. Here we have demonstrated that the hsPLA2GIID presents bactericidal and Ca(2+)-independent liposome membrane-damaging activities and we have compared these effects with the catalytic activity of active-site mutants of the protein. All mutants(More)
Two bifunctional enzymes exhibiting combined xylanase and laccase activities were designed, constructed, and characterized by biochemical and biophysical methods. The Bacillus subtilis cotA and xynA genes were used as templates for gene fusion, and the xynA coding sequence was inserted into a surface loop of the cotA. A second chimera was built replacing(More)