Richard J. Radmer

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A mass spectrometer with a membrane inlet system was used to monitor directly gaseous components in a suspension of algae. Using labeled oxygen, we observed that during the first 20 seconds of illumination after a dark period, when no net O(2) evolution or CO(2) uptake was observed, O(2) evolution was normal but completely compensated by O(2) uptake.(More)
Mass spectrometric techniques were used to study several aspects of the competition between O(2) and species of inorganic carbon for photosynthetically generated reducing power in the green alga, Scenedesmus.In contrast to wild type, no appreciable light-driven O(2) uptake was observed in a mutant lacking photosystem I. It is concluded that the carbon(More)
We described a mass spectrometer-inlet system for measuring the amount and isotopic composition of gases evolved and consumed by photosynthetic tissue in response to single short saturating light flashes [ 11. Here we use this technique to study photosynthetic O2 evolution with 180-labeled substrates. We observed the following : (1) When C02-depleted*(More)
Biphenyl metabolism in Aspergillus toxicarius occurs by successive hydroxylations in the 4- and 4'-positions, followed by conjugation with sulfate to produce 4-hydroxybiphenyl-O-sulfonic acid and 4,4'-dihydroxybiphenyl-O-sulfonic acid. The hydroxylation reactions normally occur only after a prolonged lag period after which the appearance of the(More)
A modified mass spectrometer was used to determine whether the higher oxidation states of the photosynthetic O2-evolving system contain substrate water that is not freely exchangeable with the external medium. Our data indicated that the higher oxidation states contain no appreciable bound, non-exchangeable H2O. This suggests that H2O oxidation takes(More)
Microalgae have three fundamental attributes that can be converted into technical and commercial advantages: (1) They are genetically a very diverse group of organisms with a wide range of physiological and biochemical characteristics; thus they naturally produce many different and unusual fats, sugars, bioactive compounds, etc. (2) They can(More)
A mass spectrometer with a membrane inlet was used to monitor light-driven O(2) evolution, O(2) uptake, and CO(2) uptake in suspensions of algae (Scenedesmus obliquus). We observed the following. (a) The rate of O(2) uptake, which, in the presence of iodoacetamide, replaces the uptake of CO(2), showed a distinct plateau (V(max)) beyond approximately 30%(More)
We describe a first-principles analysis of a system for the continuous culture of the green alga Scenedesmus obliquus under light-limiting conditions. According to this analysis, the productivity of the algal culture is given by the relation Y = E(m)I(0)AK(1 - e(-alphacl)) - GRcV, where Y = yield (g cells/h), E(m) = 0.20 (the maximum attainable(More)