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Evidence suggests that intestinal apo-B48 is colinear with the amino-terminal half of hepatic apo-B100. To investigate the mechanism of apo-B48 production, we examined cDNA clones from human and rabbit small intestine. All clones contained a single C----T base difference from the hepatic sequence, resulting in a translational stop at codon 2153.(More)
Epidemiological, pathological and genetic studies show a strong positive correlation between elevated plasma concentrations of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol and the risk of premature coronary heart disease. Apolipoprotein (apo) B-100 is the sole protein component of LDL and is the ligand responsible for the receptor-mediated uptake and clearance(More)
Triacylglycerol (TAG) is an energy dense substance which is stored by several body tissues, principally adipose tissue and the liver. Utilisation of stored TAG as an energy source requires its mobilisation from these depots and transfer into the blood plasma. The means by which TAG is mobilised differs in adipose tissue and liver although the regulation of(More)
In the current study, we have determined the cDNA and the genomic sequences of the arylacetamide deacetylase (AADA) gene in mice and rats. The AADA genes in the rat and mouse consist of five exons and have 2.4 kilobases of homologous promoter sequence upstream of the initiating ATG codon. AADA mRNA is expressed in hepatocytes, intestinal mucosal cells(More)
The usefulness of monoclonal antibodies as probes of protein structure is directly related to knowledge of the structures and locations of the epitopes with which they interact. In this report we provide a detailed map of 13 epitopes on apoB-100 defined by our anti-apoB monoclonal antibodies based on current information on the amino acid sequence of(More)
Factor XIII-A (FXIII-A) is present in the cytosol of platelets, megakaryocytes, monocytes, osteoblasts, and macrophages and may be released from cells by a nonclassical pathway. We observed that plasma FXIII-A levels were unchanged in thrombocytopenic mice (Bcl-x(Plt20/Plt20) and Mpl(-/-)), which implicates nonclassical secretion from nucleated cells as the(More)
Physiological concentrations of oleate stimulate apolipoprotein (apo) B-containing lipoprotein secretion from HepG2 cells without increasing apoB mRNA levels. The purpose of this study was to determine whether oleate acts by increasing translation of apoB mRNA or through posttranslational effects on the apoB protein. To address the mechanism of(More)
Abetalipoproteinemia is an inherited disorder of lipoprotein metabolism. Affected individuals produce virtually no circulating apolipoprotein B-containing lipoproteins (chylomicrons, very low density lipoprotein, low density lipoprotein and lipoprotein (a)). Malabsorption of the antioxidant vitamin E occurs, leading to spinocerebellar and retinal(More)
60 of 83 middle-aged white men had an XbaI restriction site polymorphism within the coding sequence of the apolipoprotein B gene. Subjects homozygous and heterozygous for the presence of an XbaI restriction site had mean serum triglyceride levels 36% higher (p = 0.02) than those in homozygotes without the restriction site; there was a less substantial(More)
Apolipoprotein (apo) B is an obligatory component of triglyceride-rich lipoproteins. In the rare autosomal recessive disorder abetalipoproteinemia (ABL), no triglyceride-rich lipoproteins are secreted. Mutations in the gene encoding the 97-kDa subunit of a microsomal triglyceride transfer protein (MTP) cause ABL (Sharp, D., Blinderman, L., Combs, K. A.,(More)