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Myelination of the CNS requires the migration of oligodendrocyte precursors throughout the CNS from restricted regions within the ventricular and subventricular zones. In light of the significant effects of cell-extracellular matrix (ECM) interactions on cell migration in other developing systems, we have analyzed the role of integrins in oligodendrocyte(More)
We have reviewed the structure and properties of the neural protein 1B236/MAG. This molecule consists largely of five Ig-like domains separated from its carboxyl terminal tail by a single membrane-spanning region. Two forms of the protein differ in the length and sequence of the carboxyl terminus: these are encoded by alternatively spliced mRNAs that are(More)
We present the complete nucleotide sequence of a cDNA encoding rat cyclophilin. The 743-nucleotide sequence contains a 42-nucleotide 5' noncoding region, a 492 nucleotide open reading frame corresponding to a translation product of 164 amino acids with a molecular weight of 17,874, and a 3' noncoding region of 209 nucleotides. Primer extension studies(More)
Increased matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) proteolytic activity contributes to the pathogenesis of many neuroinflammatory and neurodegenerative conditions in the CNS. To fully understand this process, it is important to define the MMP expression profile of specific cell types, including the CNS-resident cells astrocytes and microglia. While previous studies(More)
The structures of two rat brain-specific 1B236 mRNAs, alternative splice products from a single gene regulated differently during postnatal brain development, were deduced from full-length cDNA clones. The 626- and 582-amino acid-long encoded proteins are indistinguishable from two forms of myelin-associated glycoprotein, a cell adhesion molecule involved(More)
The 3200 and 1600 nucleotide mRNAs encoding rat brain proteolipid protein (PLP), the major protein component of central nervous system myelin, are heterogeneous at their 5' ends, differ in their 3' polyadenylation sites, and are transcribed from a single gene. The mRNAs, which first appear postnatally, encode identical 277 amino acid proteins that are 99%(More)
Myelination of the peripheral nervous system (PNS) requires the migration of Schwann cells during both development and regeneration. We have characterized the expression pattern of Schwann cell integrins and analyzed their role in migration on different ECM substrates known to be present within the PNS. We found that Schwann cells in cell culture express(More)
We have examined the expression of integrins on primary oligodendroglial cells during the differentiation of the proliferative oligodendrocyte precursor (O-2A progenitor) cell to the postmitotic oligodendrocyte. Cells of the oligodendrocyte lineage expressed a limited repertoire of integrins: alpha 6 beta 1 and alpha v integrins including alpha v beta 1,(More)
Integrins comprise a large family of cell adhesion molecules that mediate interactions between the extracellular environment and the cytoplasm. During the last decade, analysis of the expression and function of these molecules has revealed that integrins regulate many aspects of cell behavior including cell death, proliferation, migration, and(More)
Proteolipid protein (PLP) is the major myelin membrane protein of the central nervous system. We have isolated a copy of an alternatively spliced PLP gene transcript from a mouse brain cDNA library that was screened for PLP-related sequences. The encoded 241-amino acid protein differs from PLP by an internal deletion of 35-amino acid residues (116-150) from(More)