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Early gestation is critical for placentomal growth, differentiation, and vascularization, as well as fetal organogenesis. The fetal origins of adult disease hypothesis proposes that alterations in fetal nutrition and endocrine status result in developmental adaptations that permanently change structure, physiology, and metabolism, thereby predisposing(More)
Knowledge regarding the steps and mechanisms related to the intra- and interchain cross-linking of collagen and elastin has evolved steadily during the past 30 years. Recently, effort has been directed at identifying the location and types of cross-links that are found in collagen and elastin. There are two major groups of cross-links: those initiated by(More)
Histological aspects of Cu-deficient hypertrophied rat hearts were evaluated to determine causal factors. Twenty-four male weanling rats were fed either Cu-adequate (8.0 mg/kg diet) or Cu-deficient (0.4 mg/kg diet) diets until 9 or 11 wk of age. Copper-deficient rats had increased mitochondrial:myofibrillar ratios compared with Cu-adequate rats.(More)
Whether or not exercise training of sufficient intensity and duration to produce left ventricle (LV) hypertrophy also regulates deposition of interstitial collagen and cross-linking at the pretranslational level is unknown. Therefore, the effects of exercise training on gene expression for the two principal fibrillar collagens in LV, types I and III, were(More)
Seven lean and five obese boys, aged 9-12 yr, exercised in four environments: 21.1, 26.7, 29.4, and 32.2 degrees C Teff. Subjects walked on a treadmill at 4.8 km/h, 5% grade for three 20-min exercise bouts separated by 5-min rest periods. Rectal temperature (Tre), skin temperature (Tsk), heart rate (HR), sweat rate, and oxygen uptake (VO2) were measured(More)
The purpose of this study was to compare the independent and interactive effects of age and exercise training on selected parameters of the right ventricle (RV), left ventricular septum (LVS) and left ventricular free-wall (LVFW) extracellular matrix. Specifically, we evaluated collagen and collagen crosslinking (hydroxylysylpyridinoline, HP) concentrations(More)
The formation of a fibrillar fibronectin (FN) extracellular matrix requires self-association of FN dimers. In this report, we show that the major sites for self-association are the amino-terminal repeats I1-5 and the first type III repeats. Recombinant FNs and fragments were generated by baculovirus expression of cysteine-rich domains and by bacterial(More)
The objective was to evaluate chemical, mechanical, and sensory attributes associated with tenderness in divergent cattle breeds--Wagyu (W; n = 12), Limousin (L; n = 12) and F1-cross (WxL; n = 12)--fed two dietary treatments (0 or 6% sunflower oil (DM basis)). A randomized complete block repeated measures design in a 3 x 2 factorial arrangement of(More)
We evaluated the single and interactive effects of aging and exercise training on selected parameters of myocardial interstitium in both the left ventricle (LV) and LV papillary muscle of female Fischer 344 specific pathogen-free rats. Ten weeks of treadmill running resulted in significant LV hypertrophy as well as elevated plantaris muscle citrate synthase(More)
TATA-binding protein (TBP) binds the minor groove of the TATA element with the DNA bent 80 degrees towards the major groove. A constrained minicircle strategy has been used to test the effect of DNA topology on the affinity of TBP for the TATA element. We report here that TBP bound to DNA which was slightly pre-bent towards the major groove with 100-fold(More)