Richard J. McCormick

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Seven lean and five obese boys, aged 9-12 yr, exercised in four environments: 21.1, 26.7, 29.4, and 32.2 degrees C Teff. Subjects walked on a treadmill at 4.8 km/h, 5% grade for three 20-min exercise bouts separated by 5-min rest periods. Rectal temperature (Tre), skin temperature (Tsk), heart rate (HR), sweat rate, and oxygen uptake (VO2) were measured(More)
Early gestation is critical for placentomal growth, differentiation, and vascularization, as well as fetal organogenesis. The fetal origins of adult disease hypothesis proposes that alterations in fetal nutrition and endocrine status result in developmental adaptations that permanently change structure, physiology, and metabolism, thereby predisposing(More)
Whether or not exercise training of sufficient intensity and duration to produce left ventricle (LV) hypertrophy also regulates deposition of interstitial collagen and cross-linking at the pretranslational level is unknown. Therefore, the effects of exercise training on gene expression for the two principal fibrillar collagens in LV, types I and III, were(More)
Fifty-three Angus/Gelbvieh rotationally crossed heifers were slaughtered after 100 d on a high-concentrate diet. The average slaughter age for each of three different groups was 31, 33, or 35 mo, which falls within the USDA's 30- to 42-mo age range for animals producing "B" maturity carcasses. Each age group consisted of five or six heifers that had never(More)
Histological aspects of Cu-deficient hypertrophied rat hearts were evaluated to determine causal factors. Twenty-four male weanling rats were fed either Cu-adequate (8.0 mg/kg diet) or Cu-deficient (0.4 mg/kg diet) diets until 9 or 11 wk of age. Copper-deficient rats had increased mitochondrial:myofibrillar ratios compared with Cu-adequate rats.(More)
The purpose of this study was to compare the independent and interactive effects of age and exercise training on selected parameters of the right ventricle (RV), left ventricular septum (LVS) and left ventricular free-wall (LVFW) extracellular matrix. Specifically, we evaluated collagen and collagen crosslinking (hydroxylysylpyridinoline, HP) concentrations(More)
We report a genome-wide survey of early responses of the mouse heart transcriptome to acute myocardial infarction (AMI). For three regions of the left ventricle (LV), namely, ischemic/infarcted tissue (IF), the surviving LV free wall (FW), and the interventricular septum (IVS), 36,899 transcripts were assayed at six time points from 15 min to 48 h post-AMI(More)
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of endurance exercise training on both locomotor skeletal muscle collagen characteristics and passive stiffness properties in the young adult and old rat. Young (3-mo-old) and senescent (23-mo-old) male Fischer 344 rats were randomly assigned to either a control or exercise training group [young control(More)
We evaluated the single and interactive effects of aging and exercise training on selected parameters of myocardial interstitium in both the left ventricle (LV) and LV papillary muscle of female Fischer 344 specific pathogen-free rats. Ten weeks of treadmill running resulted in significant LV hypertrophy as well as elevated plantaris muscle citrate synthase(More)
Maternal obesity (MO) has harmful effects on both fetal development and subsequent offspring health. The impact of MO on fetal myocardium development has received little attention. Fibrogenesis is regulated by the transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β)/p38 signaling pathway. Using the well-established model of MO in pregnant sheep, we evaluated the effect of(More)