Richard J Lamb

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Although cocaine binds to several sites in the brain, the biochemical receptor mechanism or mechanisms associated with its dependence producing properties are unknown. It is shown here that the potencies of cocaine-like drugs in self-administration studies correlate with their potencies in inhibiting [3H]mazindol binding to the dopamine transporters in the(More)
Rationale and objectives: (R)-Methanandamide (AM-356), a metabolically more stable chiral analog of the endocannabinoid ligand anandamide, was used as a representative of fatty acid ethanolamide CB1 receptor ligands to characterize the discriminative stimulus functions of anandamides. Methods: Rats discriminated between 10 mg/kg (R)-methanandamide and(More)
MDMA (d,1-3,4-Methylenedioxymethamphetamine HCl; “ecstasy”) self-injection (0.1–3.2 mg/kg/injection) was examined in baboons under conditions in which baseline responding was maintained by intravenous injections of cocaine HCl (0.32 mg/kg/injection). Drug was available under a FR 160-response schedule of intravenous injection. Each drug injection was(More)
The interactions of two economically important gall midge species, the rice gall midge and the Hessian fly, with their host plants, rice and wheat, respectively, are characterized by plant defense via R genes and insect adaptation via avr genes. The interaction of a third gall midge species, the orange wheat blossom midge, with wheat defense R genes has not(More)
Self-injection of 12 sedative-anxiolytics was examined in baboons. Intravenous injections and initiation of a 3-h time-out were dependent upon completion of a fixed-ratio schedule requirement, permitting eight injections per day. Before testing each dose of drug, self-injection performance was established with cocaine. Subsequently, a test dose was(More)
This study examines the effectiveness of using vouchers to reinforce either the provision of urine samples testing negative for illicit drugs (UA group) or the completion of objective, individually defined, treatment-plan-related tasks (TP group). A third group was assigned to the clinic's standard treatment (STD group). Participants were randomly assigned(More)
Järbe et al. (1998a) trained rats to discriminate between (-)-delta9-tetrahydrocannabinol (delta9-THC) and vehicle, using different training doses in order to create assays with different efficacy demands, to examine whether (R)-methanandamide, an analog of the endogenous ligand anandamide, had lower efficacy than delta9-THC. Rats were initially trained(More)
 The objective of this study was to examine if (R)-methanandamide, a metabolically stable chiral analog of the endogenous ligand anandamide, is a cannabimimetic with a lower efficacy than Δ9-THC. Employing a two-lever choice drug discrimination procedure, rats were trained to discriminate between 1.8, 3.0, or 5.6 mg/kg Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol (Δ9-THC) and(More)
The reinforcing and subjective effects of morphine were determined in five human volunteers with histories of i.v. heroin abuse. Subjects responded under a second-order schedule of i.m. injection. Under this schedule, every 100 lever presses produced a brief stimulus light [fixed ratio (FR) 100:s]; the 30th completion of the FR 100 requirement turned on the(More)
gamma-Hydroxybutyric acid (GHB) shows great promise as a treatment for sleeping disorders but is also increasingly abused. The exact mechanism of action of GHB is yet to be delineated, but it is known to interact with specific GHB binding sites or receptors, to act as a weak agonist at GABA(B) receptors, and that GHB undergoes metabolism to GABA. In drug(More)