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A single gene defect of the circadian clock (tau mutation) has recently been described that results in a shortening of the circadian activity cycle of the Syrian hamster. In the homozygous animal, free running activity is shortened by 4 h, resulting in a circadian period of approximately 20 h. Here, we examine the effect of the tau mutation on noncircadian(More)
The effects of systemic recombinant human interleukin-2 (rIL-2) infusion on cerebrovascular permeability to an endogenous circulating macromolecule, immunoglobulin G (IgG), were assessed in rats after single and multiple rIL-2 infusions. Ultrastructural detail of the cerebral vasculature and the related brain parenchyma was also examined for rIL-2-related(More)
The mechanism by which gonadal steroids modulate GH secretion is not known. We have used the reverse hemolytic plaque assay to examine whether gonadal steroid-induced modulation of GH secretion is effected by changes in the population of somatotrophs and/or alterations in their secretory properties. Two groups of Sprague-Dawley rats were studied: group 1 (n(More)
Cardiac hypertrophy is frequently encountered in patients with renal failure and represents an independent risk factor for cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. The pathogenesis of cardiac hypertrophy is related to multiple factors, including excess adrenergic activity. This study investigated how renal injury in the early stages of life affects the(More)
Chronic renal disease results in growth failure in children. This study sought to determine the influences of early renal failure on body growth, growth hormone (GH) secretion, and GH-dependent hepatic gene expression. Neonatal animals were subjected to five-sixth nephrectomy (Nephr) and monitored during growth. Sham-operated male (Sham) and female (Fem)(More)
Experimental evidence indicates that the neonatal gonadal steroid environment is an important determinant of the sexual dimorphism of GH secretion and body growth. However, the influence of the sex steroids in GH control during adult life and their mechanism/site of action are largely unknown. In the present study we examined the effects of adult(More)
The prevalence of left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) is frequent in patients with end-stage renal disease following chronic renal failure (CRF). We investigated the therapeutic efficacy of curcumin, the principal curcuminoid of the Indian curry spice turmeric, in attenuation of LVH and sought to delineate the associated signaling pathways in blunting the(More)
Reproductive aging in female rats is associated with attenuated preovulatory LH surges. In this study, detailed analyses of the episodic characteristics of the proestrous LH surge were conducted in young and middle-aged regularly cyclic rats. On proestrus, blood samples were withdrawn at 3-min intervals for 6 h and analyzed for LH concentrations by RIA in(More)
It has been shown previously that experimental left varicocele in the rat, results in a bilateral decrease in intratesticular testosterone. In the present work, pituitary responsiveness to GnRH as a possible mediator of this effect has been examined. Unilateral varicoceles were created in adult rats. A second group of animals underwent a sham operation and(More)
We have found previously that rat diaphyseal bone in vivo, as well as rat embryo calvaria cells in culture, show a sex-specific response to gonadal steroids in stimulation of creatine kinase (CK)-specific activity, and the rate of [3H]thymidine incorporation into DNA; male-derived cells responded only to testosterone or to dihydrotestosterone (DHT), whereas(More)